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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`i̯ū́ńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: punishment
Russian meaning: наказание
Turkic: *Kɨ̄jn
Mongolian: *könüɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *xuńi-
Japanese: *káná-
Comments: Cf. *guna and notes to *gū̀no. Mong. *könüɣe- has a usual regressive labialization ( < *kenüɣe- or *kinüɣe-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨ̄jn
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 punishment, fine, guilt 2 to punish 3 cruelty, tyranny 4 to condemn 5 hard, difficult 6 to torture 7 insult, offence 8 to offend 9 harm, torture 10 sin 11 to annoy, anger 12 to beat
Russian meaning: 1 наказание, штраф, вина 2 наказывать 3 жестокость, тирания 4 осуждать, порицать 5 трудный, тяжелый 6 мучить 7 обида 8 обижать 9 беда, мучение 10 грех 11 сердить, раздражать 12 бить
Old Turkic: qɨjnɨɣ (acc.) (Orkh.), qɨjn, qɨn (OUygh.) 1, qɨna- 2 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qɨn, qɨjɨn (KB) 1, qɨna- 2 (MK, KB)
Turkish: kɨjɨn, kɨjɨnč 3, kɨna- 4
Tatar: qɨjɨn 5, qɨjɨna- 'to make difficult, hard'
Middle Turkic: qɨjɨn (Abush., Бор. Бад., MA), qɨn (Pav. C.), qɨna- 2 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: qijin 5, qijna- 6
Uighur: qijin 5, qijna- 6
Sary-Yughur: qɨn 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨna- 4
Turkmen: qɨ̄n 5, qɨ̄na- 'to make difficult, torture'
Khakassian: xɨjɨx 7, xɨjal 9
Shor: qɨjal 9, 10, qɨjɨq-ta- 8, qɨjnaɣ 9 (*qɨń-laɣ)
Oyrat: qɨjɨn, qɨjna- 6, qɨjal 10, dial. (Баск. Туба) qɨj- 6
Chuvash: xǝn 1
Yakut: kɨ̄nńā-, kɨjaxā- 11, kɨj- 'to pain, ache'
Dolgan: kɨjŋa- 11, kɨj- 'to kill'
Tuva: xɨjna- 6
Kirghiz: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjɨt- 'to make difficult, troublesome', qɨjna- 6
Kazakh: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 6, qɨnž-ɨl- 'to be distressed'
Noghai: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 6
Bashkir: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 12
Balkar: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 12
Karaim: qɨjɨn, qejin 1, qɨjna- 6
Karakalpak: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 6
Kumyk: qɨjɨn 1, qɨjna- 6
Comments: VEWT 264. EDT 631, ЭСТЯ 6, 218-219, Stachowski 168. Turk. *Kɨ̄jna- > MMong. qina- 'to torture' (Щербак 1997, 165). Nasalless forms (like Yak. kɨjaxā- etc.) may result from a reanalysis of the form *Kɨ̄jn as *Kɨjɨn, interpreted as a deverbative noun. Turk. > Hung. kín 'torture, suffering' (Gombocz 1912).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *könüɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to harm, torture
Russian meaning: вредить, мучить
Written Mongolian: könüge- (L 490)
Khalkha: xönȫ-
Buriat: xünegȫl 'harm, damage'
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xuńi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to envy, become sick of envy
Russian meaning: завидовать, обижаться, заболевать от зависти
Evenki: uni-
Even: öń-
Negidal: uńi-
Ulcha: xuńi-
Nanai: xuńi-
Udighe: uńi- 'to become sick'
Comments: ТМС 2, 273-274.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-nan,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *káná-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sad, sorrowful
Russian meaning: печальный, грустный
Old Japanese: kana-si
Middle Japanese: káná-si
Tokyo: kànashi-
Kyoto: kánáshì-
Kagoshima: kanáshi-
Comments: JLTT 830.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳUńV
Meaning: to fine, punish
Indo-European: *kʷeye-
Altaic: *k`i̯ū́ńa
References: ND 1237 *ḲuyV 'to compensate, take revenge, to pay' compares IE with NDr *qō̆j 'to measure' (+ some Berb.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kʷeye-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to estimate, to pay
Old Indian: cáyate `to detest, hate; revenge, punish', cetár- m. `revenger', caya- `revenging'
Avestan: kāy- `vergelten, büssen', kaēnā `Strafe, Rache'; kāɵa- n. `Vergeltung', čiɵi- f. `Sühne durch Geld', čiɵā `id.'
Other Iranian: NPers kīn- `Feindschaft, Hass, Zorn'; Osset čithǝ `Ehre'
Old Greek: hom. tíō, tī́ō, att. tí́ō, aor. étīsa, pf. ptc. pass. tetiméno-, va. polǘ-tīto- (`hochgeehrt') `ehren, schätzen, hochschätzen'; a-tíeto- `ungeehrt; nicht ehrend'; ion. tī́nō, att. tínō, ep., ion. téi̯nümai̯, kret. ipv. teinütō, ark. apü-teietō; aor. têi̯sai̯, aeol. pêi̯sai̯ akt. `bezahlen, entrichten, büssen', med. `(sich) bezahlen od. b ussen lassen, bestrafen, sich rächen'; tísi-s f. `Bezahlung, Entschadigung, Busse, Strafe, Rache', gortyn. gen titüos `Busse', títǟ-s m. `Racher; rächend', a-títǟ-s `Nichtbüsser, Nichtzahler'; poi̯nǟ́ `Wergeld, Busse, Strafe, Rache', tīmǟ́ f. `Schätzung, Preis, Wert, Ehre, Ehrenamt'
Slavic: *cēnā́; ? *kā́jātī
Baltic: *kaî-n-ā̂ (1) / *kaĩ-n-ā̂ (2) f., *kaî-n-iā̃ (1) f., *kaî-n-in̂- (1) vb., *keĩ-n-a- c., -ā̂ f., *keĩ-n-ī̂- vb., ? *kīn-in̂- vb.
Celtic: *kʷinut- > MIr cin, gen. cinad `Schuld'
Russ. meaning: ценить, платить
References: WP I 508 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: цена́,
Near etymology: укр. цiна́, др.-русск. цѣна, ст.-слав. цѣна τιμή (Остром., Супр.), цѣнити τιμᾶσθαι, болг. цена́, сербохорв. циjѐна, вин. п. ци̏jену, словен. сẹ́nа, чеш., слвц. сеnа, польск. сеnа, др.-польск. саnа (Розвадовский, RS 2, 109).
Further etymology: Праслав. cěna родственно лит. káinа "цена, польза", kainà -- то же, puskainiu "за полцены", авест. kaēnā- "возмездие, месть, наказание", греч. ποινή "покаяние, возмещение, наказание", далее -- греч. τί̄νω "совершаю покаяние", τῖμή "оценка, почет, цена", ирл. сin м. "вина, долг"; см. Фик I, 379; Мейе, Ét. 443; МSL 14, 348; М.--Э. I, 394 и сл.; Эндзелин, ЖМНП, 1910, июль, 200; Бернекер I, 124 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 113; Лескин, Bildg. 375; Буга, ИОРЯС 17, I, 26 и сл. Предположение о том, что лит. слова -- "подделка" (Брюкнер, AfslPh 29, 110), необоснованно; см. Буга, там же; Зубатый, AfslPh 15, 478 и сл.; Френкель, Lit. Wb. 203. Подробнее см. ка́ять.
Pages: 4,298
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kaî-n-ā̂ (1) / *kaĩ-n-ā̂ (2) f., *kai-n-iā̂, -iā̃ (1) f., *kaî-n-in̂- (1) vb., *keĩ-n-a- c., -ā̂ f., *keĩ-n-ī̂- vb., ? *kīn-in̂- vb.
Meaning: price
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: káina; kainà (acc. kaĩną) `Preis, Nutzen', káinē, žem. kánē 'dass.', káininti 'schätzen';
Lettish: cìens 'Ehre, Würde, Achtung', cìen̨a 'Bewertung', cìenît (-u/-īju, -īju) 'ehren, schätzen, hochhalten, würdigen';
Old Prussian: erkīnint `(vom Teufel) befreien'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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