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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ìri
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dirt, dirty
Russian meaning: грязь, грязный
Turkic: *kir
Mongolian: *kir
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ir-
Japanese: *kìtà-nà-
Comments: KW 232, АПиПЯЯ 73, Martin 230. Mong. may be < Turk. (cf. Щербак 1997, 127). Cf. also Turk. *Keŕ 'bottom thief' (ЭСТЯ 5, 20), which Tekin (1979, 126) links with Mong. kerčire 'mud, silt': both may actually belong to the same Altaic root.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *kir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dirt
Russian meaning: грязь
Old Turkic: kir (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: kir (MK, KB)
Turkish: kir
Tatar: ker
Middle Turkic: kir (Houts., Pav. C, AH)
Uzbek: kir
Uighur: kir
Azerbaidzhan: kir
Turkmen: kir
Khakassian: kǝr
Oyrat: kir
Chuvash: kirǝk 'dirt on body, dandruff'
Yakut: kir
Dolgan: kir
Tuva: xir
Kirghiz: kir
Kazakh: kir
Noghai: kir
Bashkir: ker
Gagauz: kir
Karaim: kir
Karakalpak: kir
Kumyk: kir
Comments: EDT 735, VEWT 271, ЭСТЯ 5, 69-70, Stachowski 148.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kir
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dirt
Russian meaning: грязь
Written Mongolian: kir (L 385), kkir (DO 415)
Middle Mongolian: kīr (IM), kir (MA)
Khalkha: xir
Buriat: xir(e)
Kalmuck: kir
Dagur: hire (MD 162)
Comments: KW 232. Mong. > Evk. kiri etc., see Doerfer MT 73.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-dag,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dandruff
Russian meaning: перхоть
Even: irit
Comments: ТМС 1, 327. Attested only in Evn., but with possible external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evn,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kìtà-nà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: dirty
Russian meaning: грязный
Old Japanese: kjita-na-
Middle Japanese: kita-na-
Tokyo: kitaná-
Kyoto: kítánà-
Kagoshima: kitaná-
Comments: JLTT 832.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳirV
Meaning: dirt
Indo-European: *k'erǝn-, *k'erǝm-
Altaic: *k`ìri
Eskimo-Aleut: *qiʁnǝ-ʁ- ?
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-esk,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k'erǝn-, *k'erǝm-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: caustic liquid (alkali, urine)
Baltic: *čar̂m-a- (1) c., *čirm-iā̃ f.
Germanic: *xarn-a-/*xarm-a- n.; *xurm-ō- vb.
Russ. meaning: едкая жидкость
References: WP I 463
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *čar̂m-a- (1) c., *čirm-iā̃ f.
Meaning: alkali
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: šárma-s `(Aschen)lauge'
Lettish: sãrms, dial. sãrums `Lauge'
Old Prussian: sirmes `Lauge' V. 554
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xarna-n, *xarma-n, *xurmōn- vb.
Meaning: urine
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old High German: harn (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: harn, harm st. m. 'harn'; {hurmen `(mit Jauche) düngen'}
German: Harn m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1007
Root: k̂ormno-, k̂r̥mno-
English meaning: acid liquid, lye, urine
German meaning: `ätzende, beißende Flüssigkeit, Lauge, Harn'
Material: Mhd. hurmen `düngen' (ursprüngl. wohl mit Jauche), nhd. harn, harm ahd. haran `Harn';

    lit. šármas `Aschenlauge', lett. sãrms `Lauge', apr. (mit der Ablautstufe von mhd. hurmen) sirmes (für *sirmis) `Lauge'.

References: WP. I 463, Trautmann 300.
Pages: 615
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *qiʁnǝ-ʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: black, dark
Russian meaning: черный, темный
Proto-Inupik: *qiʁnǝ-ʁ-
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 308
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *qïʁnǝ̈-ʁ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: black 1, dark 2
Russian meaning: черный 1, темный 2
SPI Dialects: Imaq qiʁnítoq (name of cape), W qiʁniq- 2, qẹʁnetoq* 1
North Alaskan Inupik: qiʁńɨq- 1, 2
NAI Dialects: B qeʁinẹqtoq* 1
WCI Dialects: Cor qẹʁnẹqtoq* 1, Sig qinʁiq- 2, 1 [Lowe], Cop qiʁnaʁik- 1, Car qiʁniqtaq 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: qiʁnitaq, qiʁnili- 1
Greenlandic Inupik: qiʁniʁ- (qernerpoq*) 1
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 308
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

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