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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ĭ̀régV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: cutting tool
Russian meaning: режущий инструмент
Turkic: *kerki
Mongolian: *kiröɣe
Tungus-Manchu: *xirege
Japanese: *kìrí
Comments: Цинциус 1984, 92, Ozawa 80-81. The stem may be connected to PT *kert- (ЭСТЯ 5, 54, Stachowski 145), Mong. *kerči- 'to cut' ( > Evk. kerči- etc., ТМС 1, 453, see Doerfer MT 110; the two words were compared in KW 228, Poppe 19, 51, 83, Menges 1982, and despite Щербак 1997, 127, Mong. kerči- is hardly borrowed < Turk.): we may be dealing with two derivatives (*k`ire-gV vs. *k`ire-t`V). However, direct derivation PT *kerki < *kert-ki is hardly plausible, despite Menges 1944; it rather goes back to *kirge-ki.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *kerki
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 adze, mattock 2 razor
Russian meaning: 1 кирка, мотыга 2 бритва
Karakhanid: kerki (MK) 1, kerej (MK) 2
Turkish: kerki 1
Middle Turkic: kerki (IM, AH) 1
Uighur: kɛkɛ, kɛrke (dial.) 1
Azerbaidzhan: kärki, kerki (dial.) 1
Turkmen: kerki 1
Oyrat: kerki 1
Chuvash: karъ 'chisel'
Tuva: keržek 'adze'
Kirghiz: kerki 1
Comments: EDT 741, ЭСТЯ 5, 51-52 ( > Russ. кирка).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kiröɣe
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 file, saw 2 awl
Russian meaning: 1 напильник, пила 2 шило
Written Mongolian: kirüge 1 (L 473)
Middle Mongolian: kirū 1, kirä 2 (IM), kiru (MA) 1, kire 2, kiru'e (SH)
Khalkha: xörȫ 1
Buriat: x́ürȫ 1
Kalmuck: körɛ̄ 1
Ordos: körȫ 1
Dongxian: čireu 1
Dagur: kirē 1 (Тод. Даг. 150, MD 183)
Shary-Yoghur: kürē 1
Monguor: ćirū (SM 458) 1
Comments: KW 240, MGCD 376. Mong. > Oyr. kärä etc. (VEWT 255).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xirege
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: file
Russian meaning: напильник
Evenki: ireɣē
Even: irge
Negidal: īɣē ~ ijeɣē
Ulcha: siru
Orok: sīro
Nanai: siru
Oroch: jo
Udighe: jue
Comments: ТМС 1, 328-329.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kìrí
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: drill, awl
Russian meaning: сверло, шило
Old Japanese: kjiri
Middle Japanese: kìrì
Tokyo: kíri
Kyoto: kìrí
Kagoshima: kíri
Comments: JLTT 451. Accent in Kagoshima is irregular.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVrV
Meaning: cut
Indo-European: *kĕrtʌ- (cf. also *kr̥u̯i- 488)
Altaic: *k`ĭ̀ré(-t`V)
Kartvelian: *ḳreč̣- / ḳrič̣- (also *ḳrṭ- 595); Georg. ḳorṭn- 'hacken, rupfen, grob behauen'
Comments: Cf. also: PA *kìro, PD *kīd_- (-r_-) 'cut'.
References: ND 940 *käRtV 'to cut off, notch' (Alt. + Sem. *krt-); 1173 *ḳVRč̣V 'to cut' (numerous SH parallels for Kartv *ḳreč̣-); 1194 *ḳERṭV 'crumble, chop, cut' (same + Sem. *ḳrṭ-). Cf. *ḳirV.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kert-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to cut
Hittite: kartai- (I) 'abschneiden, beseitigen' (Tischler 532 f)
Tokharian: B kertte 'sword' (Adams 197)
Old Indian: kr̥ntáti, kártati, ptc. kr̥tta- `to cut, cut off'; kartana- n. `cutting off, excision', kartá- m. `distinction'
Avestan: kǝrǝntaiti `schneidet; schindet; operiert', karǝta- `Messer'
Other Iranian: NPers kārd `Messer'
Old Greek: kormó-s m. `abgehauenes Stück, Klotz, Rumpf'
Slavic: *čьrstī, *čьrtǭ; *čьrtā; *čerslo (лемех)
Baltic: *kir̃t- (*ker̃ta-) vb. tr., *ker̃t-sl-a-, -(s)t-a-, *kir̃t-(s)t-a- c., *ker̃t-iā̃ f.
Albanian: ḱeɵ `schere'
Russ. meaning: резать
References: WP II 573 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: черту,
Near etymology: черести "резать", только др.-русск. очерести "установить границу", 3 л. ед. ч. аор. очерте ἐχωρογράφησε, очьртенъ, прич. сврш. страд., русск.-цслав. чрьту, чрѣсти "резать", словен. čȓtam, čŕtati "корчевать, царапать", чеш. čertadlo "лемех", н.-луж. cerstadɫo -- то же.
Further etymology: Праслав. *čьrtǫ, *čersti (*čert-ti) родственно лит. kertù, kir̃sti "рубить, сильно бить", лтш. cę̄̀rtu, cìrst -- то же, лит. kir̃tis "удар", др.-инд. kr̥tíṣ "нож", kr̥ntáti, kártati "режет, отрезает", kártanam "резка", авест. kǝrǝntaiti "режет", karǝta- "нож", алб. qeth "стригу" (из *kertō), лат. сēnа "трапеза", оск. kerssnais "cenis", соrtех "кора"; см. Фик I, 25; Бернекер I, 172; Траутман, ВSW 130; Г. Майер, Alb. Wb. 221; М.--Э. I, 387; Младенов, РФВ 71, 445 и сл.; Педерсен, IF 5, 55.
Pages: 4,349
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kir̃t- (*ker̃ta-) vb. tr., *ker̃t-sl-a-, -(s)t-a-, *kir̃t-(s)t-a- c., *ker̃t-iā̃ f.
Meaning: hew, beat, cut
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kir̃sti (ker̃ta, kir̃tō) `(mit der Axt, Schwert, Peitsche usw.) ab-, (um)hauen, fällen, schlagen, einhauen'; ker̃sla-s, ker̃sta-s, kir̃sta-s 'Messerchen zum Aderlassen, Lancette, Schnitz-, Schab-, Ziehmesser'
Lettish: cìrst (cę̄̀rtu, cìrtu) `hauen, hacken; hauen, schlagen mit dem Schwerte, mit der Rute, Peitsche, Hand; hauend etw. hervorbringen; beissen, stechen; grob behauen (plamp)'; cērklis, cērkbis, cērkne, cērtnis, cērtne, cērksnis, cḕrte 'Hohlaxt zum Aushöhlen von Krippen; Schröpfschnäper'
Old Prussian: kyrteis 2 sg. imp. 'schlage' Grunau 78, kirtis Voc. 163 'Hawe (= Hieb)'; kersle Voc. 534 'Sulaxe', Voc. 549 'Haue'
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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳreč̣- / ḳrič̣-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: стричь, отрезать
English meaning: to shear, cut off
Georgian: ḳreč̣-, ḳrič̣-
Megrel: ḳirač̣-, ḳirič̣-, ḳirč̣-
Laz: ḳrič̣-
Notes and references: EWK 209. Ср. ПИЕ *kers- 'отрезать' (IEW 945).
kartet-prnum,kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-laz,kartet-notes,

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