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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ằkú
Meaning: doll
Russian meaning: кукла
Turkic: *KAgur
Tungus-Manchu: *xaku-kan (/*k-)
Korean: *koāŋ
Japanese: *kùnkù-tú
Comments: Дыбо 15. Cf. Khalkha xǖxeldej 'doll' (a contamination with xǖxe-n 'child, girl'). One should also mention WMong. qoduɣu-čin 'clown; mask': this may be a metathesis < *kogu-du- ( = PJ *kùnkùtú) and the form may actually shed light on the mysterious Karakh. qoδurčuk (quite probably < *kog-du-rču-k = WMong. qoduɣu-čin). {Cf. PE *kǝɣina- 'face'}.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KAgur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll
Russian meaning: кукла
Karakhanid: qoδurčuq (MK)
Turkish: dial. kurčak
Tatar: qurčaq
Middle Turkic: qawurčaq (Бор. Бад., Pav. C.), qavur (R)
Uzbek: qụɣirčɔq
Uighur: qo(r)čaq, dial. qoɣurčaq
Turkmen: Gurǯaq
Kirghiz: qūrčaq
Kazakh: quwɨršaq
Noghai: quwɨršaq
Bashkir: qursaq
Karakalpak: quwɨršaq
Kumyk: qurčaq
Comments: VEWT 220, EDT 587, 606, ЭСТЯ 6, 161-163. Modern reflexes point quite clearly to *-g- (less probably - *-b-), so the attested form with -δ- must be a phonetic aberration. Interference with OT qoduz 'femme s{eu}le' (suggested in Tekin 1969 and ЭСТЯ ibid.) is not excluded, but cf. also the notes below.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xaku-kan (/*k-)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll
Russian meaning: кукла
Ulcha: χaqụa(n)
Orok: χoqo(n)
Nanai: aqoã
Oroch: xakuã
Comments: ТМС 1, 459. Cf. also *kakura-kta 'decorative bells' (ТМС 1, 375).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *koāŋ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: doll, mask, comedian
Russian meaning: кукла, маска, актер
Modern Korean: kwāŋdä
Middle Korean: koāŋtái
Comments: Liu 79, KED 184.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kùnkù-tú
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a k. of doll
Russian meaning: вид куклы
Middle Japanese: kùgùtú
Tokyo: kugutsu
Comments: JLTT 462. In OJ kugutu is attested with the meaning 'satchel worn at the belt'; JB derives it from kugu 'a k. of grass' and suggests that dolls were carried in such satchels. Even if it they were, it is highly probable that the name of the satchel is derived from 'doll', and not vice versa; the connection with "kugu-grass" is highly dubious.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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