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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *k`ádí(-rV)
Meaning: to scrape off, scraper, tool for processing skins
Russian meaning: соскребать, скребок, инструмент для обработки шкур
Turkic: *KEdir-
Mongolian: *kederge
Tungus-Manchu: *xargan
Japanese: *káintúr-
Comments: PTM *xargan < *xadVrgan with a regular loss of -d- before -r-. Diphthong in Jpn. is not clear (*kíntúr- would be normally expected).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KEdir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to skin (a sheep) 2 to scrape on a washboard (while washing)
Russian meaning: 1 обдирать (овцу) 2 шаркать при стирке белья о бельевую доску
Karakhanid: keδir- 1, keδr-il- (pass.), keδr-iš- (coop.), keδr-im 'skinned meat' (MK)
Tuva: kidire- 2
Comments: EDT 705. Yak. kederēn 'scraper' is rather < Mong., see Лексика 380.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tuv,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kederge
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 scraper 2 device for processing skins
Russian meaning: 1 скребок 2 инструмент для обработки шкур
Written Mongolian: kederge(n) (L 441)
Khalkha: xedreg 1
Buriat: xederge 2
Kalmuck: kederɣṇ 2 (КРС)
Comments: Mong. > Evk. kederē etc. (ТМС 1, 443), see Doerfer MT 24, Rozycki 104, whence Yak. kederen, Dolg. gedere, kedere (see Kaɫ. TJ 265, Stachowski 85).
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *xargan
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: chock (for processing fish skins)
Russian meaning: колодка (для обработки шкур или рыбьей кожи)
Nanai: χaǯGã (Kur-Urm.)
Oroch: xaiga(n)
Comments: ТМС 1, 458.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *káintúr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape off
Russian meaning: соскребать
Old Japanese: kedur-
Middle Japanese: kédúr-
Tokyo: kezur-
Comments: JLTT 708.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-comments,

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