Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *kùt`á
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: fortune
Russian meaning: судьба, счастье
Turkic: *Kut
Mongolian: *kutug
Tungus-Manchu: *kutu-ri
Japanese: *kàntuá
Comments: EAS 142, Poppe 18, 50. Mong. is not < Turk., despite TMN 3, 553, Щербак 1997, 143.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *Kut
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: luck, good fortune
Russian meaning: счастье, хорошая судьба
Old Turkic: qut (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qut (MK)
Turkish: kut
Tatar: qot
Middle Turkic: qut (AH)
Uzbek: qut
Turkmen: Gut
Khakassian: xut
Oyrat: qut
Chuvash: xъʷt
Yakut: kut
Dolgan: kut
Tuva: qut
Kirghiz: qut
Kazakh: qut
Noghai: qut
Bashkir: qot
Karaim: qut
Karakalpak: qut
Comments: VEWT 305, EDT 594, ЭСТЯ 6, 175-177, Stachowski 162.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *kutug
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: good fortune, majesty
Russian meaning: счастье, святость, величие
Written Mongolian: qutuɣ (L 992)
Middle Mongolian: qutux (SH, HY), qudux (SH)
Khalkha: xutag
Buriat: xutagta 'a Buddhist rank'
Kalmuck: xutǝg
Ordos: GutuG
Comments: KW 200. Mong. > Evk. kutu (ТМС 1, 440, Doerfer MT 136).
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kutu-ri
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: luck, fortune
Russian meaning: счастье, удача
Literary Manchu: χuturi
Jurchen: xu-tur
Comments: ТМС 1, 440. The Manchu-Jurchen word cannot easily be explained as a mongolism, despite Doerfer MT 136. Man. > Dag. xotor (Тод. Даг. 178).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *kàntuá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: ability, talent
Russian meaning: способность, талант
Old Japanese: kad(w)o
Middle Japanese: kàdó
Comments: JLTT 432 (treated together with 'corner').
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *kuṭV
Meaning: magic utterance ?
Indo-European: *gʷet- (also *gʷed-?)
Altaic: *kùt`á
Uralic: Sam. *kVt- 'say, relate'
References: ND 957 *katV 'speak, think', 964 *kuṭV 'magic utterance'. SH parallels are questionable: Arab. qiṭṭ- 'sentence (d'un juge'); Bj kwatī 'happy'; Berb. *ktH- 'think, remember' ??
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *gʷet-
Meaning: to say
Armenian: kočhem `rufen, nennen, herbeirufen, einladen'
Germanic: *kwiɵ-a- vb., *kwaɵ-ō f., *kwiɵ-ja- m., *kwiɵ-jōn- f., *kwaɵ-ja- vb.; *kwēɵ-ia- n.
Russ. meaning: говорить
References: WP I 672
piet-meaning,piet-arm,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *kwiɵan-, *kwaɵō, *kwiɵja-z, *kwiɵjōn, *kwaɵjan- vb.; *kwēɵia-n
Meaning: say, speak
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: kʷiɵan st. `say'
Old Norse: kveδa st. `sagen, sprechen'; kviδ-r m. `Mitteilung, Aussage, Urteil'; kvɔδ f. `Forderung, Vorladung, Verpflichtung'; kviδa f. `Gedicht', kveδja wk. `anreden, begrüssen, auffordern', kvǟδi n. `Gedicht'
Norwegian: kveda vb.; kväde
Swedish: kväda vb.; kväde
Old Danish: kvädä vb.
Old English: cweδan `reden, sprechen, sagen, nennen, erklären'; cweddian
Old Frisian: quetha `sagen, sprechen, bedeuten'
Old Saxon: quethan `sagen, sprechen, bedeuten'; quidi st. m. `Rede, Wort'; queddian
Middle Dutch: quedden
Old High German: quedan `sagen, sprechen, bedeuten'; quettan `grüssen'
Middle High German: quëden st. (/quoden, koden, köden, këden) 'sagen, sprechen; schallen'
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 727
Root: gʷet-2
English meaning: to speak
German meaning: `reden, sprechen'
Material: Ai. gadati `sagt' (falls durch analog. Einfluß aus *gátati)?

    sogd. žāyǝm, žam `ich sage', žut `er sagt' (uriran. *jā̆t-ati);

    arm. koč̣em (*gʷot-i̯-) `rufe, nenne, lade ein', koč `Einladung' (wahrscheinlich nomen postverbale); got. qiþan `sagen, sprechen, nennen', anord. kveða ds. und `singen, dichten', ags. cweðan `sprechen, sagen, nennen, befehlen, erklären', afries. quetha `sagen, sprechen, bedeuten', as. queðan, ahd. quedan ds.; aisl. kviðr `Spruch, Gerede', as. quidi st. m. `Rede, Wort'; Kausat. aisl. kveðja `begrüßen, anreden, fordern, aufbieten', as. queddian, ahd. chetten `begrüßen' (d. h. `zum Reden bringen'); anord. kvǫþ `Forderung, Vorladung, Verpflichtung' ist zu kveða retograd gebildet; got. un-qēþs `unaussprechlich' (vgl. anord. sam-kvǣðr `übereinstimmend'), sama-qiss f. `Übereinstimmung' (*gʷet-ti-), zu ags. ge-cwiss f. `Verschwörung'.

References: WP. I 672, Feist 389, G. Morgenstierne NTS. 7, 116 ff.
Pages: 480-481
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1810551038770
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov