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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: {*kók`à}
Meaning: to be deficient, damaged
Russian meaning: быть недостаточным, дефектным, поврежденным
Turkic: {*Kok-}
Mongolian: *koki-
Tungus-Manchu: *kuKe-
Japanese: *káká-
Comments: KW 182. {Cf. PE *kukrV- 'unsure, clumsy, afraid to do'}
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: {*Kok-}
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to decrease, diminish 2 deficient, empty
Russian meaning: 1 уменьшаться 2 недостаточный, пустой
Old Turkic: qoq- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qoq- 1, qoquz 2 (MK)
Turkish: kokuz 2
Tatar: quɣɨz 2 (dial.)
Turkmen: Govuz 2
Khakassian: xox- 1
Oyrat: qoq- 1
Comments: EDT 609, 614, ЭСТЯ 6, 35-36.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *koki-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to be damaged 2 damage
Russian meaning: 1 повреждаться 2 вред
Written Mongolian: qoki- 1 (L 956: qoki 2)
Khalkha: xox́ 2
Buriat: xoxi 2
Kalmuck: xoḱǝ- 1
Ordos: Goχiro- 'to be absolutely destroyed'
Dagur: kokire- (MD 183) kokirǝ-
Shary-Yoghur: χǝkǝr-
Comments: KW 182, MGCD 369. Mong. > Man. kokira-, see Doerfer MT 138.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuKe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to perish 2 dying
Russian meaning: 1 погибать 2 умирающий
Evenki: kukelčē 2
Even: köke- 1
Spoken Manchu: guku- 'to fall, to be destroyed' (1063)
Literary Manchu: guku- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 169, 427.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *káká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be deficient
Russian meaning: быть недостаточным
Old Japanese: kaka- 'to be deficient; to be damaged'
Middle Japanese: káká-
Tokyo: kàke-
Kyoto: káké-
Kagoshima: kaké-
Comments: JLTT 702.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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