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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ū̀ta ( ~ -t`-)
Meaning: insufficiency, debt
Russian meaning: недостаточность, долг
Turkic: *Kɨt
Tungus-Manchu: *kōta
Japanese: *kàta-
Comments: The basic meaning of the root may be formulated as 'having not enough, insufficience' - whence 'debt', 'miser', 'beggar' etc. A Mongolian match is perhaps *kudal 'lie, liar' ( < 'beggar'?).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨt
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: not enough, insufficient
Russian meaning: недостаточный, скудный
Turkish: kɨt; kɨtlɨk 'Ungenügendheit, Hungersnot'
Middle Turkic: qɨt (AH, IM)
Uighur: qitiɣir 'miserly'
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨt
Turkmen: Gɨt
Shor: qɨtɨj 'miserly'
Chuvash: xǝdǝx 'compulsion'
Tuva: qɨdɨɣ 'oppressed'
Kirghiz: qɨdɨq 'dwarf', qɨtɨj- 'secretive', qɨtɨraj- 'lean and small'
Kazakh: qɨtɨqtan- 'to be offended'
Noghai: qɨt
Bashkir: qɨtlɨq 'hunger' (dial.)
Balkar: qɨt
Karaim: qɨt
Karakalpak: qɨt
Kumyk: qɨt
Comments: VEWT 268, ЭСТЯ 6, 252.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-shr,turcet-chv,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kōta
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 debt 2 miserly, greedy
Russian meaning: 1 долг 2 скупой, жадный
Evenki: kōta 1
Even: qōt 1
Ulcha: qota 2
Orok: qụta 2
Nanai: qota 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 417, 439.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kàta-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: beggar, beggary
Russian meaning: нищий, нищенство
Old Japanese: kata-no-wi
Middle Japanese: kata-wi, kata-no-wi (RJ kàtáfi, kàtafí)
Comments: JLTT 443.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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