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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ùp`u
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: silk, mulberry
Russian meaning: шелк, тут
Turkic: *Kɨp
Mongolian: *kib
Tungus-Manchu: *kupen
Korean: *kīp
Japanese: *kùpá
Comments: SKE 113. Cf. also Mong. köbüŋ 'cotton' ( > Oyr. köböŋ, Tuva xöveŋ, Khak. köböŋ etc., see ЭСТЯ 5, 108-109 (with some confusion of this root and Turk. *köpe 'cloth' < *k`ŏ̀p`e q. v. and Turk. *köp- 'swell, foam' < *k`óp`i q. v.); > Man. kubun id., see Doerfer MT 102). In fact, it would be tempting to consider Mong. *kib as a Turkic loanword (despite the fact that the Turk. *Kɨp is not widely spread and late attested, it cannot be < Mong.), because Mong. -i- is not quite regular here, while köbüŋ is a perfect phonetic match.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: fabric
Russian meaning: ткань
Khakassian: xɨp 'lining, covering'
Yakut: kɨbɨas 'шерсть оленя ранним летом'
Kirghiz: qɨpɨq 'kerchief, sash'
Bashkir: qɨptɨr 'перешитая в подборку (о шубе)'
Balkar: qɨppa 'skein, clew'
Comments: VEWT 265.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kib
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: silk
Russian meaning: шелк
Written Mongolian: kib, kijib (L 465)
Middle Mongolian: kip (HY 'boiled silk cloth' 23, SH), kib (IM) 'lining'
Khalkha: xiv
Buriat: xib
Kalmuck: kib, kiwŋ
Ordos: keb 'bad quality silk'
Comments: KW 233.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kupe(n)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: threads
Russian meaning: нитки
Negidal: xupen
Ulcha: xupe(n)
Orok: kupe(n)
Nanai: kupẽ
Oroch: xupe
Comments: ТМС 1, 478.

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kīp
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: silk
Russian meaning: шелк
Modern Korean: kīp
Middle Korean: kīp
Comments: Nam 82, KED 282.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kùpá
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mulberry tree
Russian meaning: тут, тутовое дерево
Old Japanese: kupa
Middle Japanese: kufa
Tokyo: kúwa
Kyoto: kùwá
Kagoshima: kuwá
Comments: JLTT 468.

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kUṗV
Meaning: a k. of berry
Indo-European: *keub-
Altaic: *ki̯ùp`u
Kartvelian: *ḳupxa (*ḳwapx-)
References: ND 985 *[ḳ]uʔbE 'thorn' (IE + incorr. Kartv., Alt. + Sem.).

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *keub-
Meaning: a k. of thorny plant
Baltic: *kaũb-r=
Germanic: *xiup-ō(n-) f., -an- m.
Russ. meaning: растение (колючий куст)
References: WP I 380 f

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kaũb-r=
Meaning: a k. of thorny plant
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Prussian: kaāubri `Dorn' Ench. 65:30

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xiupō(n), -ēn
Meaning: a plant
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Swedish: hiūpon n. `Hagebutte'
Old English: hēope, -an m. `hip, seed-vessel of the dog-rose; the plant on which the hip grows'; hēopa, -an m. `briar, bramble'
English: hip
Old Saxon: hiopo `Dornstrauch'
Old High German: hiufo `Dornstrauch'
Middle High German: hiefe wk./st. f. 'hagebutte, hagebuttenstrauch'; hiefal-, hiufal-tër f. 'hagebuttenstrauch', hief-dorn st. m. 'ds.'

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 955
Root: k̂eub-
English meaning: thorn
German meaning: `Dorn, Dornstrauch'?
Material: Asächs. hiopo `Dornstrauch', ahd. hiufo ds., ags. héopa m., héope f., engl. hip, norw. hjūpa `Hagebutte';

    apr. kaāubri `Dorn'.

References: WP. I 380 f.
Pages: 595
PIE database: PIE database

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *ḳupxa (*ḳwapx-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: часть виногpадной гpозди
English meaning: a part of a grapes cluster
Georgian: ḳupxal-
Georgian meaning (Rus.): Weintraubenstiel, Weinbeere
Georgian meaning (Engl.): Weintraubenstiel, Weinbeere
Svan: ḳwäpx
Svan meaning (Rus.): Spross, Knospe
Svan meaning (Eng.): Spross, Knospe
Laz: ḳumx-
Laz meaning (Rus.): Weintraubenstiel
Laz meaning (Eng.): Weintraubenstiel
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 118, EWK 195. ?Ср. алт. *kiup`u 'тут, шелк'.

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