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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ūč`ú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to slander, swear
Russian meaning: клеветать, ругать
Turkic: *Kɨ̄č-
Mongolian: *koči
Tungus-Manchu: *koči-
Korean: *kùčíčh-
Japanese: *kùntǝ̀-k-
Comments: The tone in Jpn. is irregular; the form should be perhaps separated and compared with Mong. qaǯi- 'to hate, blame, tease' (L 948), allowing to reconstruct a separate PA root *kadu ( ~ k`-, -e-).
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨ̄č-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to criticize, malice
Russian meaning: критиковать, злобствовать
Karakhanid: qɨčur- (MK)
Tatar: qɨǯɨ- (R.)
Turkmen: Gɨ̄ǯɨt 'reproach'
Khakassian: xɨsxar- 'to reproach, blame', xɨǯɨr- 'to tease smb.'
Yakut: kɨ̄hɨr-
Tuva: qɨžɨrɨ- 'to tease, ridicule'
Kirghiz: qɨǯɨn-
Comments: EDT 59.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *koči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: nickname, slander
Russian meaning: издевательство, клевета, кличка
Written Mongolian: qoči (L 951)
Khalkha: xoč
Kalmuck: xoč-l- 'to slander'
Ordos: Goči 'detractor; reprimand, chicane'
Comments: KW 191.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *koči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to chant, praise 2 to deceive, lie 3 to harm (of an evil ghost), to interrupt
Russian meaning: 1 петь песни, восхвалять 2 лгать, обманывать 3 вредить (о злом духе), препятствовать
Evenki: koči-nǯa- 1, kočut- 2
Literary Manchu: χoššo- 2
Nanai: qoča-lị- 3
Comments: ТМС 1, 419, 420.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kùčíčh-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swear
Russian meaning: ругать
Modern Korean: k:uǯit- [-č-]
Middle Korean: kùčíč-
Comments: Nam 61, KED 207.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kùntǝ̀-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to lure, convince; to complain
Russian meaning: убеждать, уговаривать; жаловаться
Middle Japanese: kudok-
Tokyo: kudók-
Kyoto: kúdók-
Kagoshima: kùdòk-
Comments: JLTT 715.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kVCV
Meaning: to be angry, hostile
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ki̯ūč`ú (or *kasa, *kesa)
Uralic: *kućV 'call'? Sam. *kɔtъ 'scold'? FP *kačV 'accuse'
Kartvelian: Georg. ḳicχ- 'scold, blame, revile'
Dravidian: *kac-
References: ND 955 *käʡŝV 'vexation, anger, quarrel' (Drav. + Alt. *kesa + Sem.); 1246 *ḳaʒ(V)χV ( ~ *-ǯ-) 'to scold' (same Drav. + Georg. + Sam. + Arab.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 843
Proto: *pOča ?
English meaning: a k. of marten
German meaning: eine Art Mustela
Mordovian: pača (E M) 'Flußotter; Iltis' ?
Nenets (Yurak): puddo 'Mus amphibius'
Enets (Yen): purru
Selkup: puŭc (Ta.), puč, pučэ (B), putco, puttso (ke.), puččo (KeM), puč (Ty.) 'Biber'
Kamass: pшćшga-kǝten 'Mustela sibirica'
uralet-proto,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mrd,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *kac-
Meaning : angry, hostile
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *kac-
Proto-Telugu : *kajj-/*kas-
Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kajar
Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kāc-
Proto-North Dravidian : *kac-
Notes : Unclear vowel length in PK. The root is highly unstable in many groups, probably due to contamination with *kas- 'bitter'. Especially dubious are the Kolami-Gadba forms, which may all be borrowings from South-Dravidian. Irregular *k- in PNDR, but since the root is expressive (reduplicated), the irregularity is not very significant.
dravet-meaning,dravet-prnum,dravet-sdr,dravet-tel,dravet-koga,dravet-gnd,dravet-ndr,dravet-notes,

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *kac-
Meaning : to quarrel; angry
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kasaru
Tamil meaning : (Tinn.) to bargain bitterly
Malayalam : kayakka
Malayalam meaning : to quarrel, abuse
Malayalam derivates : kayaccal, kayampam contention; kayarkka to start up in anger, quarrel, reprove, punish; kayarppu reviling, quarrelling, wrath
Kannada : kasaru
Kannada meaning : ill-humour
Kannada derivates : (??) kēṇa, kīṇa envy, grudge; anger, passion; gajar_(u) to produce a loud sound, scold; n. a loud, angry sound or speech
Tulu : kaccāḍuni
Tulu meaning : to quarrel
Tulu derivates : kaccāṭa quarrelling
Proto-Nilgiri : *kaj1 (*-s)
Number in DED : 1089
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-kt,sdret-dednum,

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Nilgiri etymology :

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Proto-Nilgiri : *kaj1 (*-s)
Meaning : party in a quarrel
South Dravidian etymology: South Dravidian etymology
Kota : kac
Additional forms : Also Kota gaj-vāyṇ man who talks nonsensically (vāy mouth)
Number in DED : 1089
ktet-meaning,ktet-prnum,ktet-kota,ktet-addition,ktet-dednum,

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *kajj-/*kas-
Meaning : quarrel, dispute, fight, battle
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : kayyamu
Telugu (Krishnamurti) : kasugu "to mutter in vexation (rhyme-word with visugu)"
Additional forms : Also kasaru to scold, rebuke; n. anger, a scolding; kasi anger, spite, malice, grudge; [1] kacce, [2] kacciya a quarrel; kisaru anger; [1] gayāḷi, [2] gayyāḷi a shrew, termagant; [1] gayāḷincu, [2] gayyāḷincu to behave as a termagant
Number in DED : 1089
telet-meaning,telet-prnum,telet-tel_1,telet-tel_kr,telet-addition,telet-dednum,

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Kolami-Gadba etymology :

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Proto-Kolami-Gadba : *kajar
Meaning : fear, anger
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Parji : kayri "an enemy, talebearer"
Kondekor Gadba : kayar "anger, sorrow"
Number in DED : 1089
kogaet-meaning,kogaet-prnum,kogaet-parji,kogaet-s_3,kogaet-dednum,

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Gondwan etymology :

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Proto-Gondi-Kui : *kāc-
Meaning : hostile
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kāc-
gndet-meaning,gndet-prnum,gndet-kui,

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Kui-Kuwi etymology :

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Proto-Kui-Kuwi : *kāc-
Meaning : hostile
Gondwan etymology: Gondwan etymology
Kui : kāse "hostility, enmity, blood feud"
Kuwi (Schulze) : kaskinai "to incense"
Additional forms : Also Kui kāsenju a male enemy; fem. kāsali
Notes : The short vowel in Kuwi_S can be explained a) as a misspelling; b) by tracing the word back to *kask-pinai; c) by suggesting it is borrowed from SDR.
Number in DED : 1089
kuiet-meaning,kuiet-prnum,kuiet-kui,kuiet-kuwi_s,kuiet-addition,kuiet-notes,kuiet-dednum,

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North Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-North-Dravidian : *kac-
Meaning : to be vexed, get annoyed
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Kurukh : kackacrnā
Additional forms : Also KUR kackac annoyance, vexation
Number in DED : 1089
ndret-meaning,ndret-prnum,ndret-kur,ndret-addition,ndret-dednum,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : to be angry
Eurasiatic : *kVCV
Afroasiatic : *kiHVc-
Amerind (misc.) : *q̇ac 'bad' ? (R 37) [+ A K]
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-amer,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *kiHVc-
Meaning: be angry
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Semitic: *kVʕVs- 'be ill-tempered'
Egyptian: khs 'anger' (18)
Western Chadic: *kuHac-
East Chadic: *kVs- 'blame, abuse'
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-wch,afaset-ech,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 929
Proto-Semitic: *kVʕVs-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'be ill-tempered'
Hebrew: kʕs
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-hbr,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: khs
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'anger' (18)
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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West Chadic etymology :

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Proto-WChadic: *kuHac-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'reproach angrily' 1, 'insult, abuse' 2, 'hate' 3, 'refuse' 4
Hausa: kùùc̣aa 1
Angas: kass 2 [Fl]
Tangale: kude 2 [JgT]
Kifri=Giwo: kuḍ̆- 2, 4 [St]
Pa'a: kačì 2 [MS]
Siri: kac- 2 [SkNb]
Notes: Palatalization in Paa before -i-
wchet-prnum,wchet-meaning,wchet-hsa,wchet-ang,wchet-tng,wchet-krf,wchet-paa,wchet-sir,wchet-notes,

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East Chadic etymology :

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Proto-EChadic: *kVs-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'blame, abuse'
Sokoro: kéši kéši [Lk]
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-sok,

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