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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯uču
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to cry, cough
Russian meaning: кричать, кашлять
Turkic: *Kɨč-gɨr-
Mongolian: *kuča-
Tungus-Manchu: *kusi-
Korean: *kìčhɨ́-m
Japanese: *kusam-
Comments: An onomatopoeic root, but seems to be well reconstructable for PA.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨč-gɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to shout, cry
Russian meaning: кричать
Tatar: qɨčqɨr-
Uighur: qičqir-
Azerbaidzhan: GɨšGɨr-
Khakassian: xɨsxɨr-
Shor: qɨšɨr-
Oyrat: qɨčɨr-
Yakut: kɨskɨj- 'to whistle'
Tuva: qɨšqɨr-
Kirghiz: qɨčqɨr-
Bashkir: qɨsqɨr-
Balkar: qɨčɨr-
Kumyk: qɨčɨr-
Comments: VEWT 261. Turk. > WMong. qaskira-, Kalm. xäškr- (KW 178).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kuča-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bark
Russian meaning: лаять
Written Mongolian: quča-, quči- (L 979)
Middle Mongolian: xučam (HY 16), quča- (SH), quča- (MA)
Khalkha: xuc-
Buriat: xusa-
Kalmuck: xucǝ-
Ordos: Guča-
Dongxian: quǯa-
Baoan: xeča- (MGCD χǝǯa-)
Dagur: koči- (Тод. Даг. 150, MD 183)
Shary-Yoghur: quǯa-
Monguor: xuʒ́a- (SM 174), xuǯa-
Mogol: quĭča-
Comments: KW 200, MGCD 394.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kusi-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: noise
Russian meaning: шум
Evenki: kusīlīn
Even: qụsъ̣lъ̣n
Literary Manchu: quwas (?)
Nanai: χosor-χosor; (Он.) kusi- 'to drive away by shouting'
Comments: ТМС 1, 439.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kìčhɨ́-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 cough 2 to sneeze
Russian meaning: 1 кашель 2 чихать
Modern Korean: kičhim 1, kičhi- 2
Middle Korean: kìčhɨ́-m 1
Comments: Nam 79, KED 275.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kusam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sneeze
Russian meaning: чихание
Middle Japanese: kusame
Tokyo: kushámi
Kyoto: kúshàmì
Kagoshima: kushámi
Comments: Accent reconstruction is unclear. Cf. also OJ kutut- 'to snore'.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *KU[z]V
Meaning: cough
Indo-European: *kʷās-
Altaic: *ki̯uču
Uralic: *kuse
Kartvelian: *qweź-
Comments: Expected *-ǯ- in Alt.
References: Hegedűs 1990, 97; ND 1944 *q̇u(ʔ)sE 'to belch, vomit, cough' (w/o Kartv.; some confusion with *ḳUsV 'exhale'; very dub. SH).
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-kart,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kʷās-
Meaning: to cough
Tokharian: B kosi n. 'cough' (Adams 207)
Old Indian: kāsate `to cough', kās- f., kāsa- m. `cough'
Slavic: *kā́slātī, *kā́šljǭ; *kā́šljь
Baltic: *kā̂s-ē̂- (kā̂s-meî) (1) vb., *kā̂s-ā̂ (1) f., -ia- (1) c., *kā̂s-l-a- (1) c.
Germanic: *xwōs-t-an- m., -ōn- f.; *xwōs-t-ō- vb.
Celtic: *kʷǝsto- > MIr casachtach `Husten', Cymr pas, Corn pāz, Bret pas 'Husten'
Albanian: koɫɛ f. `Husten', koɫem `Huste'
Russ. meaning: кашлять
References: WP I 506
piet-meaning,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: ка́шель,
Near etymology: ка́шлять, укр. ка́шель, русск.-цслав. кашель, болг. ка́шлица, сербохорв. ка̏шаљ, словен. kašǝlj, чеш. kаšеl польск. kaszel, в.-луж., н.-луж. kаšеl.
Further etymology: Из *kāsli̯o-, родственно лит. kosulỹs, -- то же, kósiu, kósėti "кашлять", лтш. kãsus, kãsa, kãsis "кашель", др.-инд. kā́satē "кашляет", kāsas "кашель", алб. kollë "кашель", д.-в.-н. h(w)uosto -- то же, ирл. саsаd -- то же, кимр. рās; см. Бернекер 1, 493; М.--Э. 2, 205; Траутман, ВSW 119; Педерсен, Kelt. Gr. 1, 79; IF 5, 49; Торп118; Мейе--Вайан 88. Сюда же свободное образование на -х: кахи, кахи, межд., диал. кахи́кать, укр. ка́хи; см. Бернекер 1, там же; иначе Потебня, РФВ 4, 184.
Pages: 2,214-215
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *kā̂s-ē̂- (kā̂s-meî) (1) vb., *kā̂s-ā̂ (1) f., -ia- (1) c., *kā̂s-l-a- (1) c.
Meaning: cough
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: kṓsēti (3 sg. kṓsi/kṓsti) `husten'; kōserē̃, -ì-s, kōsurē̃ `Luftröhre, Gurgel, Schlund, Rachen'
Lettish: kãsêt (-ẽju-) `husten'; kãsa, kãsis, kãsus `Husten', pl. kãšl̨i (Infl.) 'Stickhusten'
Old Prussian: cosy ? `Kehle' Voc. 96
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xwōstēn, -ōn; *xwōstōn- vb.
Meaning: caugh
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: hōsti m. `Husten'; hōsta wk. `husten'
Norwegian: hoste; hosta vb.
Swedish: hosta sbs., vb.
Danish: hoste vb.
Old English: hwōsta m.; hwōstan
Middle Dutch: hoest(e) m., f.; hoesten
Dutch: hoest m.; hoesten
Middle Low German: hōst(e) m.; hōsten
Old High German: huosto m., huosta f. (9.Jh.); huosta f.; huostōn (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: huoste wk. m. 'husten'
German: Husten m., husten
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1104
Root: kʷās- : kʷǝs-
English meaning: to cough
German meaning: `husten'
General comments: [Nachtrag zu S. 635]
Derivatives: Nominalbildung mit -t- erweitert
Material: Ai. kā́s-, kāsá- `Husten', davon kāsate `hustet'; alb. kollë `Husten' (*kʷās-lā); mir. cassacht(ach) m. `Husten', cymr. pas ds. (*kʷǝs-t-), pesychu `husten' (*kʷǝs-t-isk-), bret. pas `Husten', corn. paz ds.; aisl. hosti m. `Husten', ags. hwosta, mnd. hoste, ahd. huosto, alem. wuǝšte ds.; lit. kósiu (alt kosmi), kósèti `husten', lett. kāsẽju, kãsêt ds., lit.kosulỹs, lett. kãsulis `Husten'; slav. *kašъlь in russ.-ksl. kašelь `Husten', usw.
References: WP. I 506, Trautmann 119.
Pages: 649
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 436
Proto: *kuse
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: cough; to cough
German meaning: Husten; husten
Saam (Lapp): gǫssâ -s- (N) 'cough', kåsså- (L) 'husten', kōsse- (Kld.) 'husten', koss (T) 'Rotz', kōss (Kld. Not.) 'Husten'
Mordovian: koz (E M) 'Husten', kozo- 'husten'
Udmurt (Votyak): ki̮ź-, kiź- (S), kǝ̑ź- (K), (URS) ki̮zi̮-
Komi (Zyrian): ki̮z- (S) 'husten', ki̮ze̮t- (P) 'id., харкать', køzø.t- (PO) 'кашлять'
Khanty (Ostyak): kol (V), χol (O), χut (DN) 'Husten', koli̮m- (V) 'einmal husten', χutes- (DN), χolǝtli- (O) 'husten, sich räuspern'
Nenets (Yurak): hoʔ (O), kot (Nj.) 'Husten', hodor- (O) 'husten'
Enets (Yen): kuʔ (c̣ɦ.), koʔ (B), koruŋa- (Ch.), koduŋa- (B) 'husten'
Nganasan (Tawgi): kuʔ 'Husten', kutâdandu- 'husten'
Selkup: kotarna- (Ta.) 'husten', k͔ŏt, k͔oot (Ke.), kŏt (NP), k͔ot, k͔ŏt (N) 'Husten'
Kamass: kuʔd, kuʔn id., kuʔ- 'husten'
Janhunen's version: (44) *kosi6(-)
Sammalahti's version: *kosi6(-)
Addenda: Koib. кўтла 'кашель'; Mot. кодоргомъ
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-mrd,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-nga,uralet-slk,uralet-kam,uralet-janh,uralet-samm2,uralet-add,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *qweź-
Nostratic: Nostratic
Russian meaning: кашлять, кашель
English meaning: to cough, cough (n.)
Georgian: xvel-, Old Georg. qwel-
Megrel: xval-
Svan: qweš, qwäš 'cough (n.)', li-qš-un- 'to cough'
Laz: xval-
Notes and references: ЭСКЯ 265, EWK 565.
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