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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ki̯ằmù
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: beaver; bear
Russian meaning: бобер; медведь
Turkic: *Kạma
Tungus-Manchu: *kuma
Korean: *kōm
Japanese: *kùmà
Comments: EAS 155, SKE 122-123, Дыбо 9, Martin 225, Лексика 162.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kạma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 beaver 2 otter
Russian meaning: 1 бобер 2 выдра
Tatar: qama 2
Uighur: qama 2
Khakassian: xam-nos, xam čat (Верб.) 1
Shor: qamna(ɣɨ) 2
Oyrat: qamdu 2
Chuvash: xъʷma 'beaver, marten'
Bashkir: qama 2
Karakalpak: qama 2
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 242, Лексика 162, Мудрак Дисс. 145. Also PT *Kam-tuŕ 'beaver, otter' (VEWT 228, Лексика 162) (*Kam-tuŕ may be a compound < *Kama + *utɨŕ 'otter' q. v. sub *óŋdu; Лексика ibid., however, suggests rather *Kam-luč, with a diminutive *-luč. There is also a variant *Kun-tuŕ (with *Kunu 'wolverine'? - see, however, TMN 3, 524, with a suggestion of Turk. < Pers.).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kuma
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: seal
Russian meaning: нерпа, тюлень
Evenki: kuma
Even: qụma
Negidal: koma
Comments: ТМС 1, 430.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kōm
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bear
Russian meaning: медведь
Modern Korean: kōm
Middle Korean: kōm
Comments: Nam 51, KED 161.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kùmà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: bear
Russian meaning: медведь
Old Japanese: kuma
Tokyo: kumá
Kyoto: kúmà
Kagoshima: kumá
Comments: JLTT 463.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kVmV
Meaning: beaver; bear
Altaic: *ki̯ằmù
Uralic: *kumtV (*kuntV)
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1802
Proto: *kumtV (*kuntV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: beaver
German meaning: Biber
Mansi (Vogul): końt́ǝl (TJ), koontǝĺ (KM), kuńt́ǝĺ (P) 'Biber', χuntǝĺ (So.) 'Maulwurf' ( > Khanty N χundi̮l 'Maulwurf')
Hungarian: hód 'Biber'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,

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