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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kíso
Meaning: to press, squeeze, rub
Russian meaning: давить, сжимать, тереть
Turkic: *Kɨs-
Mongolian: *kisa-
Tungus-Manchu: *kis-k-
Korean: *kɨ̀s-
Japanese: *kǝ́sǝ́nká-
Comments: Poppe 19, 65, 116, VEWT 267, KW 233 (without the Korean parallel), АПиПЯЯ 285. The original meaning may be reconstructed as 'press, scrape off by pressing' (whence 'sharpen' and other meanings). Tone correspondences seem to be regular, but cf. notes on the Korean tone above.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kɨs-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 short 2 narrow 3 to squeeze
Russian meaning: 1 короткий 2 узкий 3 сдавливать
Old Turkic: qɨsɣa (Orkh.) 1
Karakhanid: qɨs- 3 (MK, KB), qɨsɨɣ 2 (MK), qɨsqa 1 (KB), qɨsɣa 1 (MK)
Turkish: kɨsa 1, kɨs- 3
Tatar: qɨsqa 1, qɨs- 3
Middle Turkic: qɨsqa 1 (Abush.), qɨs- (MA)
Uzbek: qisqa 1
Uighur: qisqa 1
Sary-Yughur: GɨsGa, qɨsGa 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gɨsa 1
Turkmen: GɨsGa 1, Gɨs- 3
Khakassian: xɨsxa 1, xɨs- 3
Oyrat: qɨsqa 1
Chuvash: xǝzǝk 2, xǝs- 4
Yakut: kɨhaj- 3
Dolgan: kɨhalga 'straits, sorrow' ( = Yak. kɨhalga)
Tuva: qɨsqa 1, qɨ's- 4, qɨzɨ̄ 2
Tofalar: qɨ'sqa 1, qɨ's- 4
Kirghiz: qɨsqa 1
Kazakh: qɨsqa 1
Noghai: qɨsqa 1
Bashkir: qɨsqa 1
Balkar: qɨsxa 1
Gagauz: qɨsa 1
Karaim: qsɨqa 1
Karakalpak: qɨsqa 1
Salar: qɨsGa 1
Comments: PT *Kɨs-ga 'short' is derived from PT *Kɨs- 'to press, squeeze'. See VEWT 267, EDT 665-7, ЭСТЯ 6, 251-253, Stachowski 167.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kisa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to contract, shorten; to hamper, impede
Russian meaning: сокращать, мешать, задерживать
Written Mongolian: kis(a)- (L 473: kisa-)
Khalkha: x́as-
Buriat: x́aha- 'to be greedy'
Kalmuck: kis-
Comments: KW 233.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kis-k-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to touch, stroke, sharpen (a knife) 2 tongs, vice
Russian meaning: 1 касаться, тереться, точить (нож) 2 клещи, тиски
Evenki: kiski 2
Literary Manchu: xisχa- 1
Nanai: kiskiẽ (Он.) 2
Comments: ТМС 1, 399, 466. The Evk. and Nan. forms are considered to be < Russ. тиски, which cannot be excluded; but the Man. form is no doubt genuine.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-man,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kɨ̀s-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to press 2 with force, strongly 3 to stop, put an end to smth.
Russian meaning: 1 давить, угнетать 2 с силой, сильно 3 прекращать
Modern Korean: kɨčhi-, k:ɨčhi- 3 ( < *kɨs-čhi-)
Middle Korean: kɨ̀s-nùrɨ́- 1, kɨ̀s- 3, kɨ́s 2
Comments: Nam 75, KED 241. High tone recorded in the adverb is not quite clear (perhaps expressive; one cannot exclude, however, that it is original, being replaced in the verbal stem by the productive low tone).
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kǝ́sǝ́nká-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to scrape, plane
Russian meaning: скрести, строгать
Middle Japanese: kosoga-
Tokyo: kòsoge-
Kyoto: kósógé-
Kagoshima: kosogé-
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,

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