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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kḗp`V
Meaning: belly
Russian meaning: живот
Turkic: *gēp-
Mongolian: *keweli
Tungus-Manchu: *kepel-
Comments: Владимирцов 205. Despite Doerfer MT 93, Rozycki 104 the TM forms cannot easily be explained as mongolisms (except Sol. kêli). The root is homonymous (except for the final vowel which is in this case unknown) with *kḗp`à 'shape', and one wonders if it is in fact not the same root, but semantically influenced by another similar one, PA *kĕpV 'upper part of body'.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *gēp-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swell, swollen (of belly) 2 to become pregnant, pregnant 3 to be arrogant, inflated
Russian meaning: 1 пухнуть (о животе) 2 беременеть, беременная 3 чваниться, важничать
Turkish: gebe 2
Tatar: kǝpǝr-, kǝprǝj- 3
Middle Turkic: gebe 2 (Pav. C.)
Azerbaidzhan: gäbiz `constipation'
Turkmen: gǟbe 1
Chuvash: kabar 'insatiable, gluttonous'
Yakut: kiebir- 3
Tuva: xever- 1
Kirghiz: kebeǯe, keber 1
Kazakh: kebeže 1
Bashkir: kǝpǝj- 1, kǝprǝj- 3
Gagauz: gebe 2
Karakalpak: kep-, gebeže 1
Comments: ЭСТЯ 3, 36. The root is partially confused (and contaminated) with *gebre- 'to die, corpse' (v. sub *kăpi).

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *keweli
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belly; pregnancy
Russian meaning: живот; беременность
Written Mongolian: kegel, kebel (L 438, 442: kegeli, kebeli)
Middle Mongolian: ke'eli (HY 47, SH), kähäl (IM), kili (MA)
Khalkha: xēl, arch. xevel
Buriat: xēli
Kalmuck: kēlǝ, kewl
Ordos: kēl 'foetus'
Dongxian: kieli
Baoan: kele
Dagur: kēli (Тод. Даг. 149, MD 182)
Monguor: kēle (SM 198)
Comments: KW 230, MGCD 337.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kepel-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: belly, stomach
Russian meaning: живот, желудок
Even: kъbъl, kēbъl
Spoken Manchu: kevǝlǝ, xevǝlǝ 'stomach, belly; bosom' (87)
Literary Manchu: xefeli, xefali
Jurchen: xefuli (508)
Comments: ТМС 1, 387-388.

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