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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kḗči
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: night, evening
Russian meaning: ночь, вечер
Turkic: *gēč (-e)
Mongolian: *keči-
Japanese: *kisǝ
Comments: See Лексика 82: rather dubious, because of very scanty attestation in Mongolian.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *gēč (-e)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 long time 2 late 3 be late 4 night 5 evening 6 yesterday
Russian meaning: 1 долго 2 поздний 3 опаздывать 4 ночь 5 вечер 6 вчера
Old Turkic: keč 1, 2, keč- 3, keče 4, 5 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: keč 1, 2 (KB, MK), keč- 3 (MK), kečä 4, 5 (KB, MK)
Turkish: geč 2, geǯe 4
Tatar: kič 5, kičɛ 5, 6
Middle Turkic: geče 4 (Pav. C.)
Uzbek: keča 4, 6
Uighur: käčä 5
Sary-Yughur: kiče 4 (Mal.)
Azerbaidzhan: geǯä 4
Turkmen: gīč 2, gīǯe 4
Khakassian: kiǯē 6
Shor: kečik 5 (Верб.)
Oyrat: keč 2, 5, keče 6
Halaj: kīečä 4
Chuvash: kaś 5
Yakut: kiehe 5
Dolgan: kiehe 5
Tuva: kežē 5
Tofalar: keǯe 5
Kirghiz: keč 2, kečē 4, 5
Kazakh: keš 2, 5, kešä 5, 6
Noghai: keš 2, 5
Bashkir: kis 5, kisä 5, 6
Balkar: keč 5, keče
Gagauz: geǯä 4
Karaim: geǯe 4
Karakalpak: keš 2, 5
Salar: gäǯi 4
Kumyk: geče 4
Comments: VEWT 245, EDT 692-3, 694-5, ЭСТЯ 3, 40-41, 50-51, Лексика 82, Stachowski 147.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-sal,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *keči-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: day before yesterday
Russian meaning: позавчера
Dagur: kečig udur (Тод. Даг. 150), kečihe (MD 182)
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-dag,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ki(n)sǝ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: last night
Russian meaning: прошлой ночью
Old Japanese: kjiso
Middle Japanese: kiso
Comments: JLTT 452. OJ also has kjinopu 'yesterday' (modern kinō), which may be a contraction < *kisǝ-nǝ-pu (with a not quite clear -pu: is it = *pi 'day'?).
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *kVcwV ( ~ -čw-)
Meaning: darkness, night
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *kʷsep-
Altaic: *kḗči
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *kʷsep-
Meaning: darkness, dark
Hittite: ispant- c. 'Nacht' (Tischler 409ff)
Old Indian: kṣáp- (gen. kṣapáḥ), kṣapā́ f. `night'
Avestan: xšap- 'Dunkelheit'
Old Greek: pséphas, pséphos n. `Dunkel, Finsternis', psepharó- `dunkel, finster, wolkig'
Russ. meaning: темнота, темный
References: WP I 524 f
piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-greek,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1102
Root: kʷsep- (?)
English meaning: dark
German meaning: und einigermaßen anklingende Worte für `Dunkel'
Material: Ai. kṣáp, kṣapā́ `Nacht', av. xšap- `Dunkelheit'; gr. ψέφας, ψέφος n. `Dunkel', ψεφαρός, ψεφηνός `dunkel'; κνέφας `Dunkel'; δνόφος `Finsternis', später γνόφος ds., hom. δνοφερός `dunkel', ἰοδνεφής `dunkelviolett'; ζόφος `Dunkel', ζοφερός `dunkel'.

    Der wechselnde gr. Anlaut beruht auf Tabu-Vorstellungen.

References: WP. I 524 f., WH. I 289, Specht Idg. Dekl. 11.
Pages: 649
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVCV
Meaning : night
Eurasiatic : *kVcwV ( ~ -čw-)
Sino-Caucasian : *QVC̆V ?
Amerind (misc.) : *kači 'night' (R 511); *kati (actually *kaCi) 'sun; day, moon' (R 708)
African (misc.) : ?? Bantu *-cụ́kù 'night'?
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-scc,globet-amer,globet-afr,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *QVC̆V ?
Meaning: ray, light, moon
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: ? Hurr. kušuχ `moon'
Yenisseian: *qɨʔ (~χ-), pl. *qǝʔǯVŋ
Burushaski: *ɣuha ( < *ɣuṣá?)
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-yen,sccet-buru,

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Yenisseian etymology :

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Proto-Yenisseian: *qɨʔ (~χ-), pl. *qǝʔǯVŋ
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: skewer, spit; (sun-)beam
Ket: qɨʔ, pl. qʌŕeŋ5, Bak., Sur. pl. qʌdǝŋ5
Yug: xɨʔ, pl. xʌdɨŋ5 (Werner 2, 152-153: χʌ́d́iŋ)
Comments: ССЕ 258-259. Werner 2, 152-153 <*qɨʔ / *qǝd'ǝ>. The roots for "bow" and "skewer / beam" (**"arrow"?) tend to contaminate in Ket-Yug.; perhaps they should be even united historically, but morphological details are not clear.
yenet-prnum,yenet-meaning,yenet-ket,yenet-sym,yenet-notes,

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Burushaski etymology :

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Common Burushaski: *ɣuha ( < *ɣuṣá?)
Sino-Caucasian Etymology: Sino-Caucasian Etymology
Meaning: 1 new moon, time without moon 2 time of waning moon
Yasin: ɣuhá 2
Hunza: ɣuá 1
Nagar: ɣuá 1
buruet-prnum,buruet-meaning,buruet-yas,buruet-hun,buruet-ngr,

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