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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kărsi
Meaning: fox, marten
Russian meaning: лиса, куница
Turkic: *KArsak
Mongolian: *kirsa
Tungus-Manchu: *karsi
Comments: Новикова 1972, 129-130, Лексика 161. A Western isogloss.
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *KArsak
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steppe fox
Russian meaning: степная лиса
Old Turkic: qarsaq (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: qarsaq (MK)
Tatar: qarsaq
Middle Turkic: qarsaq (IM, Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: qɛrsɔq
Turkmen: Garsaq
Kirghiz: qarsaq
Kazakh: qarsaq
Noghai: qarsaq
Bashkir: qarhaq
Karakalpak: qarsaq
Comments: ЭСТЯ 5, 313, Лексика 161, TMN 3, 442.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kirsa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: steppe fox
Russian meaning: степная лиса
Written Mongolian: kirsa (L 472)
Middle Mongolian: kirsa (HY 10)
Khalkha: x́ars
Kalmuck: kirsǝ
Ordos: girsa
Comments: KW 232. Mong. > Kirgh. qɨrsa, Yak. kɨrsa (VEWT 267), Evk., Evn., Man. kirsa 'steppe fox' (ТМС 1, 399, Rozycki 140); but the TM names for 'marten' are genuine, despite Doerfer MT 142.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *karsi
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: marten
Russian meaning: куница
Literary Manchu: χarsa
Nanai: qarsa
Udighe: kahä (Корм. 246)
Comments: ТМС 1, 361.
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