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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *kā́la ( ~ k`-, -e-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: heap, to pile up
Russian meaning: куча, слой, накладывать
Turkic: *Kāla-
Mongolian: *kali-
Korean: *kari-
Comments: The meaning 'overflow' in Mong. is probably secondary ( < 'pour too much, pile up very high').
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *Kāla-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to heap up, pile up
Russian meaning: накладывать, нагромождать
Karakhanid: qala- (MK)
Turkish: dial. kala-, gala-
Middle Turkic: qala- (Pav. C., Abush.)
Uzbek: qɛla-
Uighur: qala-
Azerbaidzhan: Gala-
Turkmen: dial. Gāla-
Oyrat: qala-
Yakut: xāla-
Kirghiz: qala-
Kazakh: qala-
Noghai: qala-
Balkar: qala-
Karakalpak: qala-
Comments: VEWT 224, EDT 617, ЭСТЯ 5, 228-229.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-blkx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *kali-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to overflow
Russian meaning: переливаться через край
Written Mongolian: qali- (L 919)
Khalkha: xali-
Buriat: xali-
Kalmuck: xäĺǝ-
Comments: KW 176.
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *kari-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 heap, stack 2 to pile up
Russian meaning: 1 куча, стог 2 накладывать
Modern Korean: kari 1, kari- 2
Middle Korean: kari 1
Comments: Liu 19, KED 13, 14.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ḳVlV
Meaning: to put
Indo-European: *klā-
Altaic: *kā́la ( ~ k`-, -e-)
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *klā-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to put, to lay out
Slavic: *klā̀dǭ, *klā́stī; *klādъ
Baltic: *klā̂- (2) vb., *klā-j-ā̂ f., *klā̃-t-a- (1) c., *klā̃-t-iā̃ (1) f., *klā̃-d-a- c., *klā̂-s-t-a- (1) c.; *klō̂-n-a- (1), -ia- (1) c.; ? *kla-ĩ-m-a- c.
Germanic: *xlá-ɵ-a-/*xla-d-á- vb.; *xla-d-a- n.; *xlṓ-ɵ-ō/*xlō-d-ṓ f.; *xla-st-a- m., *xla-st-u- c., *xla-ɵɵ-a- n.
Russ. meaning: класть, раскладывать
References: WP I 489 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Vasmer's dictionary :

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Word: кладу́,
Near etymology: класть I., укр. кладу́, кла́сти, блр. класць, ст.-слав. кладѫ, класти, болг. клада́ о́гън "развожу огонь", сербохорв. кла́де̑м, кла̏сти "класть", словен. kládem, klásti, чеш. kladu, klásti, слвц. klаst᾽, польск. kɫadę, kɫaść, в.-луж., н.-луж. kɫasć. Ср. болг. кла́вам "кладу, класть" (Младенов 239).
Further etymology: Родственно лит. klóju, klóti "раскладывать, покрывать", лтш. klâju, klât "покрывать", гот. af-hlaþan, -hlōþ, д.-в.-н. hladan, нов.-в.-н. lаdеn "нагружать, накладывать". Клад, ср. с лит. klõdas "слой", paklõdė "простыня, покрывало", др.-англ. hlōþ "добыча", ср.-в.-н. luot "ноша"; к класть; д.-в.-н. last из *hlasti-; см. Бернекер 1, 507 и сл.; Фик 1, 25 и сл.; Траутман, ВSW 135; Маценауэр, LF 8, 166; М.--Э. 2, 218; Буга, РФВ 70, 254.
Trubachev's comments: [См. далее Вайан, Gramm. соmр., 1, стр. 170. -- Т.]
Pages: 2,244
vasmer-general,vasmer-origin,vasmer-trubachev,vasmer-pages,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *klā̂- (2) vb., *klā-j-ā̂ f., *klā̃-t-a- (1) c., *klā̃-t-iā̃ (1) f., *klā̃-d-a- c., *klā̂-s-t-a- (1) c.; *klō̂-n-a- (1), -ia- (1) c.; ? *kla-ĩ-m-a- c.
Meaning: stretch, cover
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: klṓti `hinbreiten, ausbreiten, überdecken, den Weg bahnen, ebnen', klōjà 'Flachsspreite, Bleichplatz', klō̃ta-s 'Bohlenbelag, Holzdiele', klōstì-s 'Dachlatte', klṓsta-s 'Fussmatte, Streu', pl. klōstaĩ 'Hürden (zum Zudecken des eingeweichten Flachses)', klō̃tē 'Schicht, Lage, Bettdecke'; klō̃da-s 'Schicht, Lage, Flöz'; klúona-s 'Tenne, Getreidedarre, Scheune, um die Scheune herumgelegene, eingezäunte Wiese', klaĩma-s 'Dreschtenne'
Lettish: klât (klâju) 'hinbreiten, decken; hauen; ergehen'; kluõns, kluõnis 'Estrich aus Lehm oder Ziegeln; Tenne'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *xláɵan-/*xladán- vb.; *xlada-n; *xlṓɵō/*xlōdṓ; *xlasta-z, *xlastu-z, *xlaɵɵa-n
Meaning: load, burden
IE etymology: IE etymology
Gothic: *af-hlaɵan st. `burden'
Old Norse: hlaδa st. `laden; aufbauen; fallen lassen; töten'; hlaδa f. `Scheune, Heuschuppen'; hlaδ n. `etwas aufgeschichtetes, Mauer; gepflasterter Platz vor dem Hause; Kornlade, Kammrahmen für die Rahmenflechtkunst'; NIsl pl. hlōδ n. `Herd'; hlass n. `Last'
Norwegian: lada f., löda f.; lada `laden'; lad `Steinschicht, Stapel; Kopfschmuck'; lass
Swedish: lada sbs.; ladda `belasten'; lad `Gerüst auf dem etwas ruht'; lass
Old Danish: lad `Gerüst auf dem etwas ruht'; lass
Danish: lade sbs.; lade `laden'
Old English: hladan `aufschichten, laden'; hläd n. `rdaufwurf, Haufe', hlädel `Schöpflöffel'; hlōɵ f. `Beute; Menge, Schar'; hläst n. `Last'
English: lade
Old Frisian: hlada; OWFris hlest
Old Saxon: hladan `aufschichten, laden'
Middle Dutch: lāden st.; last m., f., n.
Dutch: laden; last m.
Old Franconian: hlōthu `Beute'
Middle Low German: lāden; last f.; lāde f.
Old High German: (h)ladan st. (8.Jh.) `aufschichten, laden'; (h)last m., f., pl. (h)lesti f. `Last, Bedrückung' (9.Jh.)
Middle High German: laden st. (/ wk.) 'laden, aufladen; beladen, belasten'; luot st. f. `Last, grosse Menge, Rotte'; last st. m. (/ md. st. f.) 'last, menge, masse'; lade st. n., f. 'ladung, last'
German: laden; Last f.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-norw,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-dan,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-ofris,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-olfrank,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 968
Root: klā-
English meaning: to heap up, to put
German meaning: `breit hinlegen, darauflegen'
Derivatives: klā-to- `Deckstein'
Material: Lit. klóju, klóti `hinbreiten, breit hinlegen', lett. klâju, klât ds., lit. klõtas `das Pflaster im Hofe', ùžklodas `Bettdecke', paklõdė `Bettlaken' (-d- aus einem d- oder dh-Präsens wie:)

    abg. kladǫ, klasti `laden, legen' (usw., dazu auch russ. kladú `verschneide');

    t-Präsens (z. T. vielleicht auch ursprüngliche to-Nomina) in got. afhlaþan `überbürden', aisl. hlaða, ags. as. hladan, ahd. hladan (Partiz. gihlatan) `aufschichten, laden'; aisl. hlað `Pflaster im Hofe, Stapel, Haufe', ags. hlæd n. `Erdaufwurf, Haufe', hlædel `Schöpflöffel', und vollstufig (vgl. lit. klõtas) nisl. hlóð Nom. Pl. `Herd' sowie ags. hlōð f. `Beute; Menge, Schar', anfränk. hlōtha `Beute', mhd. luot, md. lūt `Last, große Menge, Rotte'.

    -to- oder -sto-, -sti-Nomen zu *hlaþan ist aisl. hlass n. `Last, Ladung', agst. hlæst n., ahd. last, Pl. lesti f. `Last'.

    Sonderstellung von ags. hlóð f. `Raub, Beute', hlóðere `Räuber' (: ahd. landēri `latro', aisl. hlenni `Räuber, Dieb', hlanna `rauben', germ. *hlanþ-); da auch mhd. luot, md. lūt, die nicht aus *hlanþ- zu gewinnen sind, die Bedeutung `Rotte' haben, ist nur fürs Ags. Zusammenfließen zweier verschiedener Worte zuzugeben.

References: WP. I 489, Trautmann 135 f.
Pages: 599
PIE database: PIE database
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