Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *kadV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: rock, mountain
Russian meaning: скала, гора
Turkic: *K(i)aja (?)
Mongolian: *kada
Tungus-Manchu: *kada-
Comments: EAS 46, 97, KW 158, Poppe 95, VEWT 221, АПиПЯЯ 288, Лексика 96-97. A Western isogloss. PT -j- instead of the expected -d- is baffling (cf. TMN 1, 394, 3, 566); perhaps OT qaja is a borrowing from some archaic "j-dialect"? Helimski 1995 proposed a Sam. etymology for the Turkic word (PS *koǝjǝ 'mountain'), which cannot be excluded. But obviously Mong. is not < Turk. (despite Щербак 1997, 132). Cf. also a toponym: OT Ezgenti qadaz = Mong. Ergenetü qada].
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *K(i)aja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 rock 2 mountain 3 slope
Russian meaning: 1 скала 2 гора 3 склон
Old Turkic: qaja (Orkh., OUygh.) 1
Karakhanid: qaja (MK, KB) 1
Turkish: kaja 1
Tatar: qɨja 1
Middle Turkic: qaja (Houts., AH, Ettuhf., Pav. C.) 1
Uzbek: qɔjɛ 1
Uighur: dial. qija 1
Azerbaidzhan: Gaja 1, 2
Turkmen: dial. Gāja, Gaja 1
Khakassian: xaja 1
Shor: qaja 1
Oyrat: qaja 1
Yakut: xaja 2
Dolgan: kaja 2
Tuva: xaja 1
Tofalar: xaja 1
Kirghiz: qaja 1, qɨja 3 ('oblique slope' - through contamination with *kɨj- 'oblique')
Noghai: qaja 1
Bashkir: qaja 1
Balkar: qaja 1
Gagauz: qaja 1, 2
Karakalpak: qɨja 1
Comments: VEWT 221, TMN 3, 565, EDT 674-5, ЭСТЯ 5, 198-199, Лексика 96, Stachowski 133.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *kada
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Written Mongolian: qada(n) (L 902)
Middle Mongolian: qada (SH)
Khalkha: xad
Buriat: xada
Kalmuck: xadǝ
Ordos: xada(n)
Dongxian: Gada
Dagur: xada, xad (Тод. Даг. 172), hade (MD 154)
Shary-Yoghur: Gada
Monguor: Gadā (SM 114)
Comments: KW 158, TMN 1, 393, MGCD 314.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *kada(r)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: rock
Russian meaning: скала
Evenki: kadar, kadaɣa
Even: qadār, qadaqụ
Negidal: kadā
Spoken Manchu: hadǝ 'mountain peak' (2069)
Literary Manchu: χada
Ulcha: qadalị
Orok: qada
Nanai: qadar 'granite, marble' (Он.)
Oroch: kada
Udighe: kada
Solon: xadār
Comments: ТМС 1, 360 (part of the forms may be < Mong., see Doerfer MT 18, but as a whole the root is undoubtedly genuine).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *kadV
Meaning: precipice
Altaic: *kadV
Dravidian: Gnd. kāti, Kui gāti 'cliff, precipice' (DEDR 1449)
References: ND 851 *k[a]d/tV 'rock' ( + Berb.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
1108381366066
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov