Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *i̯ŭdu
Meaning: wonder, supernatural
Russian meaning: чудо, сверхъестественный
Turkic: *ɨduk
Mongolian: *id-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)odu
Japanese: *i / *ju
Comments: Ozawa 52-53, 177-181. Despite Щербак 1997, 120, not a borrowing in Mong. < Turk. The Middle Jpn. itiko 'virgin consecrated to a deity, sorceress' (with a later form itako id.), which is compared by Miller (1985, 148) directly with the Mong. form, should be treated as a secondary distortion of *i-tu-kua (lit.) 'sacred girl'.

Search within this database

Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *ɨduk
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sacred
Russian meaning: священный
Old Turkic: ɨduq (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ɨδuq (MK)
Khakassian: ɨzɨx
Oyrat: ɨjɨq, ijik
Chuvash: jǝrǝx
Yakut: ɨtɨq
Tuva: ɨdɨq
Kirghiz: ɨjɨq
Balkar: ɨjɨq
Comments: EDT 46, ЭСТЯ 1, 649-650, Егоров 80, Федотов 199, TMN 230-231 (most sources give a dubious inner Turkic derivation < *ɨd- 'to send', based on the old gloss in MK - most probably a folk etymology).

Search within this database

Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *id-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: female shaman
Russian meaning: шаманка
Written Mongolian: iduɣan, uduɣan (L 861)
Middle Mongolian: jituxan (HY 31), jǝtxan 'волхв' (IM), utugun / hotkun (LH)
Khalkha: udug
Buriat: udagan
Kalmuck: udǝɣǝn (КРС)
Ordos: udaGan 'accoucheusse, accoucheur'
Dagur: jadagan (Тод. Даг. 146), jadegen 'shaman (in direct contact with spirits)' (MD 168)

Search within this database

Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)odu
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: wonder
Russian meaning: чудо
Evenki: odu
Comments: ТМС 2, 7. Attested only in Evk., but having reliable external parallels. Evk. > Yak. odū (not vice versa).

Search within this database

Japanese etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Japanese: *i / *ju
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sacred, purified
Russian meaning: священный
Old Japanese: i, ju
Comments: JLTT 420. Also with -tu in attributive function: i-tu-, ju-tu-.

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov