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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *i̯ằpV
Meaning: to bend, turn; hook
Russian meaning: гнуть, поворачивать; крюк
Turkic: *ebir-
Mongolian: *eb-
Tungus-Manchu: *oboka
Japanese: *àpùkuà
Comments: ЭСТЯ 1, 500. The Turkic form is hard to separate, although one would rather expect a back vowel (*iab-) here. There indeed exists a PT root *(i)abɨ- 'to bend, fall, swing' (Tat. avu- 'to bend, fall', Oyr. abɨ-, Tuva aa-t-tɨn- 'to swing', Kirgh. oo- 'to bend on one side, fall, swing, also in a play', oon- 'to roll, as a dog', Kaz. awu-, awɨn-, avɨ-t-qu- 'id.', Nogh. avɨ-, avna-, avda- 'id.', Bashk. aw-, awn-, awδ- 'id.', KBalk. aw-, awan-, awda- 'id.', Karaim avd-, Kum. avun-), whose relationship to *ebir- is not quite clear. {Cf. PE *uvǝ-ʁ- (-a-) 'to turn upside down, to tilt, round'}
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ebir-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to turn
Russian meaning: поворачивать
Old Turkic: ebir- (Orkh.), evir- (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: evür- (MK)
Turkish: evir-
Middle Turkic: evir-, iber- (Abush., Pav. C.)
Uzbek: öwür- (dial.)
Turkmen: öwür-
Khakassian: ibĭr-
Shor: ebir-
Oyrat: ebir-
Chuvash: avъr-
Kazakh: üjĭr-
Bashkir: äwir-
Comments: EDT 14, VEWT 34, ЭСТЯ 1, 498-500, Егоров 20.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-shr,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-kaz,turcet-bas,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *eb-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to bend, fold 2 knee 3 to roll
Russian meaning: 1 гнуть, сгибать, складывать 2 колено 3 вертеть
Written Mongolian: ebke- 1 (L 288), ebüdüg 2 (L 290), ebkere- 3 (L 288)
Middle Mongolian: ebkä- 1 (IM), ibkä- 1 (MA),ebuduk 2 (SH), äbdäk 2 (IM), ubuduk 2 (MA),
Khalkha: evxe- 1, övdög 2, evxre- 3
Buriat: ebxe- 1, übdeg 2
Kalmuck: epkǝ- 1, öwdǝg 2
Ordos: ebχe-, ewχʷe- 1, öwödök 2
Dongxian: odǝu 2
Baoan: ebdǝg, vedeg 2
Dagur: ebke- 1 (Тод. Даг. 138), ebeke- (MD 139)
Shary-Yoghur: wǝdǝg 2
Monguor: udiG, idiG (SM 464), wedeG (Huzu) 2
Mogol: ündük
Comments: KW 302, MGCD 251, 536.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dun,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *oboka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hook
Russian meaning: крюк
Literary Manchu: obǵa 'a k. of wooden hook serving as a bait for eagles'
Oroch: obō, oboɣo
Udighe: obo` (Корм. 273)
Comments: ТМС 2, 4.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *àpùkuà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: stick with a hook, stick for carrying things
Russian meaning: палка с крюком, палка для носки
Old Japanese: apuk(w)o
Middle Japanese: àfùkò
Comments: JLTT 509.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-comments,

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