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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ìsú
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to crush, grind; bite
Russian meaning: ломать, размалывать; кусать
Turkic: *ɨsɨr-
Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ise-
Korean: *ɨsɨr-
Japanese: *ùsú
Comments: SKE 73 (Kor.-Tung.), АПиПЯЯ 281.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ɨsɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to bite
Russian meaning: кусать
Karakhanid: ɨsɨr- (MK)
Turkish: ɨsɨr-
Middle Turkic: ɨsɨr-, ɨsur- 'to bite, to eat' (Abush., Sangl.)
Khakassian: ɨzɨr-
Yakut: ɨtɨr-, ɨstā-
Dolgan: ɨtɨr-, ɨstā-
Tuva: ɨzɨr-
Tofalar: ɨ'sɨr-
Kirghiz: ɨsɨr-
Karaim: ɨsɨr-
Kumyk: ɨsɨr-
Comments: VEWT 167, EDT 251, ЭСТЯ 1, 671-672, Stachowski 262, 263.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-hak,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-tuv,turcet-tof,turcet-krg,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *(x)ise-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to crush 2 to beat 3 to butt, quarrel
Russian meaning: 1 ломать 2 бить 3 бодать, спорить
Evenki: iše- (dial.) 1
Negidal: isi-kte- 1
Literary Manchu: isele- 2
Oroch: isǟmeči- 'перетягивать (друг у друга, держась за противоположные концы веревки, - игра)'
Solon: iš́ilǯi- 'to contest'
Comments: ТМС 1, 336.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-neg,tunget-man,tunget-orc,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *ɨsɨr-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to grind, crush
Russian meaning: разбивать, дробить, ломать
Modern Korean: ɨsɨrǝ-(t:ɨrida)
Comments: KED 1287.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *ùsú
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: mortar
Russian meaning: ступка
Old Japanese: usu
Middle Japanese: ùsú
Tokyo: úsu
Kyoto: ùsú
Kagoshima: usú
Comments: JLTT 564.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *jVŋšV
Meaning: crack, crush
Altaic: *ìsú
Uralic: ? *jaŋša (cf. rather PPerm. *iz- 'to crush, grind')
Dravidian: NDr. *isg- 'to crack, split'
Comments: Cf. *ʔi[č]V
References: ND 787 *hiŝE 'to break' (+ Arab.). [Cf. PAN *esuŋ, *lesuŋ 'mortar'; *isi 'scrape, grate'].
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 1255
Proto: *jaŋša
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: flour; to grind
German meaning: Mehl; mahlen
Finnish: jauha- 'mahlen', jauho 'Mehl' ( > Saam. N jaf'fo -jf- ~ jāfo 'flour, meal', L jaffō 'Mehl', K T jāvva, Kld. Not. jāvv)
Estonian: jahvata- 'zermalmen, mahlen', jahu 'Mehl, Pulver'
Mordovian: jaža- (E M) 'mahlen; zermalmen'
Mari (Cheremis): jaŋɣǝ̑že- (KB), U joŋǝ̑že-, B joŋǝ̑šte-'kauen, niederkauen (KB U); mahlen (U B); mahlen lassen (B)'
K. Redei's notes: Est. ta ist ein Ableitungssuffix. Nomen-Verbum. Sam. jur. O jā, Jen. Ch. jauja, B jâsa und twg. jâ, ja 'Mehl' (Lindström: Suomi 1852:26; VglWb. 387; Halasz: NyK 24:466; Lehtisalo, MSFOu. 72:234; FUV mit ?) gehören nicht hierher (s. *jewä 'Getreide' FP).
References: Lindström: Suomi 1852:26, Ahlqvist, MMdGr. 153: MUSz. 441; VglWb. 387- Anderson, Wandl. 226; Halasz: NyK 24:466; Paasonen: Suomi 1897/3/13:12,' VähKirj. 24:12, MordChr. 67; Setälä, ÄH 272, JSFOu. 17/4:14, MSFOu. 135/2:46 Anm.; Wichmann, TscherT 52, FUFA 16:39; Toivonen: MSFOu. 58:237; Vir. 1953: 33; Ravila: FUF 20:96, 117; Lehtisalo: 72:234; Steinitz, FgrVok. 38; E. Itkonen: FUF 30:17, 31 :156, 190, FUFA 31:46; Posti: FUF 31:4; Stipa- UAJb 25 : 35; FUV; SKES.
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