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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *gū̀lì
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: dwelling, cottage
Russian meaning: жилище, хижина
Turkic: *gül
Tungus-Manchu: *gūle
Japanese: *kùrà
Comments: EAS 48.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *gül
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 vestibule, inner porch 2 house, hut 3 home, dwelling-place
Russian meaning: 1 сени, прихожая 2 дом, хижина 3 жилище
Turkish: gil 'family (as a second part of compound)', (dial.) 3
Azerbaidzhan: gil 'family (as a second part of compound)'
Chuvash: kil, kül 2
Yakut: külä 1
Comments: VEWT 270, Егоров 112, Федотов 1, 291-292. Yak. kǖlä is secondarily borrowed from Tungus, see VEWT 270; but küle may be inherited.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-trk,turcet-azb,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *gūle
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: hut, dwelling-place
Russian meaning: хижина, жилище
Evenki: gūle
Comments: See ТМС 1, 171. Attested only in Evk. (whence Russ. Siber. guĺ 'house, dwelling', see Аникин 171), but having probable external parallels.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *kùrà
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: shed
Russian meaning: сарай
Old Japanese: kura
Middle Japanese: kùrà
Tokyo: kurá
Kyoto: kúrà
Kagoshima: kùrá
Comments: JLTT 464.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gülV
Meaning: dwelling
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *gūli
Uralic: *kilä (*külä)
Dravidian: *gūḷ-
References: МССНЯ 341, ОСНЯ 1, 362-363; ND 617 *gül̄A 'dwelling, house' (+ ECush.).
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 306
Proto: *kilä (*külä)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: dwelling
German meaning: Wohnung
Finnish: kylä 'Dorf; Wohnung, Haus' ( > Saam. N gille -l- 'cluster of houses, hamlet', L killē 'Dorf')
Estonian: küla
Saam (Lapp): gâl'li- (N) 'visit, pay a visit to', kalliti- (L) 'sich die Zeit vertreiben, indem man in den Zelten herumgeht und plaudert', kolli- (I)
Mansi (Vogul): kül (TJ), koäl (KU), koäl, käĺ (P), kol (So.) 'Haus'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-fin,uralet-est,uralet-saa,uralet-man,

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *gūḷ-
Meaning : to crowd together
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *gūḷ-
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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *gūḷ-
Meaning : to crowd together
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : kūḷ (kūḷv-, kūṇṭ-)
Tamil meaning : to crowd together, assemble, muster
Tamil derivates : kūḷi company, multitude, family
Kannada : gūḷe, gūḷevu, gūḷya, guḷe, guḷya
Kannada meaning : people leaving a place en masse from invasion or famine
Tulu : gūḷè
Tulu meaning : people leaving a place en masse from invasion or famine
Number in DED : 1915
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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : KVLV
Meaning : dwelling
Eurasiatic : *gülV
Afroasiatic : Cush. *gol-, Chad. *kwVl-
Sino-Caucasian : *kíɫū
Reference : МССНЯ 341, ОСНЯ 1, 362-363; ND 617 (Cush.-Nostr.), 1031.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-scc,globet-reference,

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Sino-Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Caucasian: *kíɫū
Meaning: village
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
North Caucasian: *kiɫū ( ~ k_-)
Sino-Tibetan: *g(h)ual
Basque: *huri
Comments and references : WFR 41, LV D3, BCD 23.
sccet-meaning,sccet-prnum,sccet-cauc,sccet-stib,sccet-basq,sccet-notes,

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North Caucasian etymology :

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Proto-North Caucasian: *kiɫū
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: farmstead; hut
Proto-Avaro-Andian: *kilV
Proto-West Caucasian: *ḱalV
Notes: An Aand-WC isogloss. However, the correspondences are quite regular (both phonetically and semantically), and the NC antiquity of the root seems very probable. See Abdokov 1983, 127 (although with some confusion between this root and PEC *ŁwĕɫV 'fence' q.v. - which should be carefully distinguished).

    Since there is some semantic connection between 'house' and 'hearth' (cf., e.g. PEC *ɦnărG_wī), one feels tempted to compare Ag. kiláj-ar 'hearth' (a plur. tantum). The word is, however, isolated within Lezghian and this hypothesis still is to be proved.

caucet-prnum,caucet-meaning,caucet-aand,caucet-abad,caucet-comment,

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Avar-Andian etymology :

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Protoform: *kilV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: farmstead
Avar: kulí
Chadakolob: koló
Akhvakh: kila (Tseg.)
Tindi: ḱila
Karata: kile
Bagvalal: ḱila (Kvan.)
Comments: Av. paradigm B (kuló-l, kulá-l; cf. also Usl. kolí / koló, loc. koló-da, pl. kulá-l; thus the Chad. C paradigm - kulí-l, kúl-dal - is obviously secondary). The Av. form is obviously a metathesis < *kilu. Av. > And. kuli id.
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Abkhaz-Adyghe etymology :

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Proto-West-Caucasian: *ḱalV
North Caucasian etymology: North Caucasian etymology
Meaning: hut
Abkhaz: a-ḱála
Abaza: ḱala
Adyghe: č́aL
Kabardian: čǝL
Comments: PAT *ḱala (cf. also Bzyb. a-ḱál); PAK *kVLǝ. Despite Klimov 1968, 294 there are no reasons to consider the AT form an AK loan. WC > Svan. köl, kel id. (see Klimov ibid.).
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Sino-Tibetan etymology :

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Proto-Sino-Tibetan: *g(h)ual
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: village, district
Chinese: *g_urs dominion, province, district.
Tibetan: khul domain, province, district.
Lushai: khual a village other than one's own, KC *khul village.
Lepcha: gul the part appointed for the house; a site
Comments: Mikir hoi boundary, district. Sh. 44; Gong 66.
stibet-prnum,stibet-meaning,stibet-chin,stibet-tib,stibet-lush,stibet-lepcha,stibet-comments,

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Chinese characters :

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Character:
Modern (Beijing) reading: jùn
Preclassic Old Chinese: gurs
Classic Old Chinese: gwǝnh
Western Han Chinese: gwǝnh
Eastern Han Chinese: gwǝnh
Early Postclassic Chinese: gwɨ̀n
Middle Postclassic Chinese: gwɨ̀n
Late Postclassic Chinese: gwɨ̀n
Middle Chinese: gǜn
English meaning : district, province [Han]
Russian meaning[s]: область
Comments: For *g cf. Xiamen kun6, Chaozhou kuŋ4, Fuzhou koŋ6, Jianou köŋ8.
Sino-Tibetan etymology: Sino-Tibetan etymology
Radical: 163
Four-angle index: 2134
Karlgren code: 0459 g
Vietnamese reading: quận
bigchina-reading,bigchina-ochn,bigchina-cchn,bigchina-wchn,bigchina-echn,bigchina-epchn,bigchina-mpchn,bigchina-lpchn,bigchina-mchn,bigchina-meaning,bigchina-oshanin,bigchina-comment,bigchina-stibet,bigchina-radical,bigchina-oshval,bigchina-karlgren,bigchina-viet,

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Basque etymology :

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Proto-Basque: *huri
Sino-Caucasian etymology: Sino-Caucasian etymology
Meaning: village, town, city
Araban: {huri}
Bizkaian: uri, (arc) {huri}
Gipuzkoan: uri
High Navarrese: iri
Low Navarrese: hiri
Salazarese: iri
Lapurdian: hiri
Baztanese: iri
Zuberoan: hiri
Roncalese: iri
Comments: Possibly also Iberian {ili}, as in Illiberris, old name of Granada, etc.; cf. numerous Bsq place names like Hiriberri, Uribarri ‘new town’.
basqet-prnum,basqet-meaning,basqet-arb,basqet-bzk,basqet-gip,basqet-anv,basqet-bnv,basqet-sal,basqet-lab,basqet-bzt,basqet-zbr,basqet-rnc,basqet-comments,

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