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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *găŋi ( ~ -i̯a-)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to explain, tell, say
Russian meaning: объяснять, говорить
Turkic: *geŋe-
Mongolian: *geɣe-
Tungus-Manchu: *g(i)aŋna-
Comments: Владимирцов 250, АПиПЯЯ 295, KW 132 (Turk.-Mong.). A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *geŋe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to advise 2 advice
Russian meaning: 1 советовать(ся) 2 совет
Old Turkic: keŋeš 2, keŋeš- 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: keŋe- 'to settle one's affairs with someone' (MK, KB), keneš 2, keŋeš- 1 (MK, KB)
Turkish: gengeš- 1 (dial.)
Tatar: kiŋäš 2
Middle Turkic: keŋeš 2, keŋeš- 1 (Abush., Sangl.)
Uighur: käŋäš- 1 (dial.)
Sary-Yughur: keŋes- 1, keŋis 2
Azerbaidzhan: gänäš- 1 (dial.)
Turkmen: geŋeš- 1, geŋeš 2
Oyrat: keŋeš- 1 (Верб.)
Chuvash: kanaš 2, kanaš-la- 1
Kirghiz: keŋeš 2, keŋeš- 1
Kazakh: keŋes 2, keŋes- 1
Noghai: keŋes 2
Bashkir: käŋäš 2
Balkar: kengeš 'counsel'
Karaim: kenes, keneš 2, keneš- 1
Karakalpak: keŋes 2, keŋes- 1
Kumyk: gengeš 'counsel'
Comments: VEWT 253, EDT 727, 734, ЭСТЯ 3, 21-22, TMN 3, 613-614.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uig,turcet-sjg,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *geɣe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to speak, say
Russian meaning: говорить, сказать
Written Mongolian: ge- (L 372)
Middle Mongolian: ke'e- (SH, HYt), kē- (HYt), gi- (MA)
Khalkha: ge-
Buriat: ge-
Kalmuck: ge-, gɛ̄-, gī-
Ordos: ge-
Baoan: ge-
Dagur: geǯi (MD 149-150) (quotation particle - converb from *ge-)
Monguor: gi- (SM 135)
Mogol: ge- (Ramstedt 1906)
Comments: KW 132.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-bao,monget-dag,monget-mgr,monget-mogh,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *g(i)aŋna-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to explain 2 to set (a riddle)
Russian meaning: 1 объяснять 2 загадывать (загадку)
Literary Manchu: ǵaŋna- 1
Ulcha: GaŋGa- 2
Orok: GaŋGaŋ Gajawo- 2
Oroch: gaŋga- 2
Udighe: gaŋiŋa 'riddle' (Корм. 220)
Comments: ТМС 1, 140 (the Manchu word is separated as a Chinese loanword, which is hardly the case).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-man,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *gaŋV
Meaning: to call, explain
Altaic: *găŋi ( ~ -i̯a-)
Uralic: *kanV (*kaŋV)
Eskimo-Aleut: *kaŋi-ʁ- ?
References: ND 647 *güʕaŋ[o] 'voice, to produce a sound' (TM-Ur.; also listing many onomatopoeia in various families).
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 242
Proto: *kanV (*kaŋV)
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to call
German meaning: rufen
Hungarian: hív- (1 p. hívok, dial. hilok, híok, híjom, hijom) 'rufen; nenneb, heißen' ?
Nenets (Yurak): χān- (O) 'rufen, bitten'
Enets (Yen): kaŋa- 'bitten, rufen'
Selkup: k͔uera-, k͔ûera- (Ta.), k͔uera- (Ke.) 'rufen', kera- (Ty.) 'beim Namen rufen', qē̮ri̮- (Tur.) '(zu sich) rufen'
Addenda: Mot. кагнамъ 'прошу'
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-ugr,uralet-nen,uralet-enc,uralet-slk,uralet-add,

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Eskimo etymology :

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Proto-Eskimo: *kaŋi-ʁ-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: meaning, to understand
Russian meaning: смысл, понимать
Proto-Yupik: *kaŋiʁ-(ci-)
Proto-Inupik: *kaŋiʁ-(ci-)
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 157
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

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Yupik etymology :

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Proto-Yupik: *kaŋiʁ-(ci-)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to understand 1, meaning 2, principle, cause 3, curious about 4
Russian Meaning: понимать 1, смысл 2, причина, правило 3, любопытный 4
Chaplino: //kaŋǝq (ʁ) 3
Alutiiq Alaskan Yupik: kaŋiχci- 1
Koniag (AAY): kaŋī(kǝ)- 4, Perry kaŋīɫ(kǝ)- 4
Central Alaskan Yupik: kaŋiχci- 1, kaŋiq 2
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 157
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-chap,yupet-aay,yupet-koni,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

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Inupik etymology :

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Proto-Inupik: *kaŋiʁ-(ci-)
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to understand 1, to suspect 2
Russian meaning: понимать 1, подозревать 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: kaŋiqsi- 1
North Alaskan Inupik: kaŋiqsi- 1
Western Canadian Inupik: kaŋiqsi- 1
Eastern Canadian Inupik: kaŋīsuk- 2
ECI Dialects: Lab kaŋīsuk- 'aware' [Peck], kaŋītsa- 'to learn' [C]
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 158
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-nai,inupet-wci,inupet-eci,inupet-ecis,inupet-ced,

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