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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *eńa
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: sin, bad behaviour
Russian meaning: грех, дурное поведение
Turkic: *(i)ańɨg
Mongolian: *ende-
Tungus-Manchu: *eńe-
Korean: *āń-
Comments: The root must have denoted "bad behaviour" in general, whence all the attested meanings: "mistake", "sin", "robbery".
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *(i)ańɨg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: sin, evil
Russian meaning: грех, зло
Old Turkic: ańɨɣ (Orkh., OUygh.), ajɨɣ (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: ajɨɣ (MK)
Yakut: aj̃ɨ̄
Dolgan: ańɨ̄
Comments: VEWT 20, EDT 182, ЭСТЯ 1, 113, Stachowski 34.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-jak,turcet-dolg,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *ende-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be mistaken
Russian meaning: ошибаться, заблуждаться
Written Mongolian: ende-
Middle Mongolian: ende- (SH)
Khalkha: ende-
Buriat: ende-
Kalmuck: endǝgdǝ-
Ordos: endegdel 'fault, mistake'
Dagur: ende- (Тод. Даг. 139)
Shary-Yoghur: eŋdē-
Comments: KW 122, MGCD 261. Mong. > Evk. ende- etc., see Doerfer MT 111, Rozycki 69.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-mmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-yuy,monget-reference,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *eńe-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sin
Russian meaning: грешить
Ulcha: eńe-
Orok: en(n)e-
Comments: ТМС 2, 456.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-reference,

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *āń-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to rob, steal
Russian meaning: грабить, похищать
Modern Korean: at- [as-]
Middle Korean: ās-, āń- (àńă-)
Comments: Nam 350, KED 1096.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-ako,koret-reference,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *wVńV
Meaning: fault, sin
Indo-European: *wein-
Altaic: *eńa
Kartvelian: *wn-
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-kart,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *wein-
Meaning: fault
Slavic: *vīnā́, *vīnī́tī
Baltic: *waîn-ā̂ f. (1), waĩn-ē̂- vb., *waîn-ō̂- vb. (1), *waîn-in̂g-a- adj. (1)
Latin: vindex, -icis m. `wer vor Gericht etwas in Anspruch oder Schutz nimmt, Bürge, Befreier, Rächer', pl. vindiciae pl. `gerichtliche Inanspruchnahme eines Gegenstandes; Schutz; Züchtigung', vindicta f. `Gewaltsansagung'
Celtic: OIr fine `Sünde'
Russ. meaning: вина
References: WH
piet-meaning,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *waîn-ā̂ f. (1), waĩn-ē̂- vb., *waîn-ō̂- vb. (1), *waîn-in̂g-a- adj. (1)
Meaning: fault
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Old Lithuanian: vaina 'Fehler, Gebrechen, Tadel' (Bretkun)
Lithuanian: vaina (žem.) 'Fehler, Gebrechen, Tadel'; (iš)vainṓti 'schmähen, verleumden, in Verruf bringen'
Lettish: vaĩna, vaĩne `Schuld, Vergehen; Gebrechen, Mangel, Schade, Fehler', vaĩnât (-ãju), vàinêt2, vaĩnuôt 'beschuldigen, tadeln, schmähen; verwunden', vaĩnîgs 'schuldig'
Old Prussian: etwinūt 'entschuldigen', niebwinūts 'unsträflich'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-olith,baltet-lith,baltet-lett,baltet-oprus,

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Kartvelian etymology :

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Proto-Kartvelian: *wn-
Russian meaning: вредить
English meaning: to harm
Georgian: vn-
Megrel: n-
Notes and references: EWK 137.
kartet-rusmean,kartet-meaning,kartet-gru,kartet-meg,kartet-notes,

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