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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *dàma
Meaning: ill, sick, bad
Russian meaning: больной, плохой
Turkic: *jAman
Tungus-Manchu: *dam-
Japanese: *dàm-
Comments: Despite SKE 75 there is no reason at all to suppose a Chinese origin of the Turkic form (MC ja-mạn 'savage, barbarian' is too distant semantically; the usage of PT *jaman for a bad disease, sickness is very close to Japanese and may suggest that the original meaning of the root was 'ill(ness), sick(ness)').

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *jAman
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bad, wicked 2 sickness, inflammation
Russian meaning: 1 плохой, скверный 2 болезнь, воспаление
Old Turkic: jaman 1 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: jaman 1 (MK)
Turkish: jaman 1
Tatar: jaman 1
Middle Turkic: jaman (AH) 1
Uzbek: jɔmɔn 1
Uighur: jaman 1
Sary-Yughur: jaman 1
Azerbaidzhan: jaman 1
Turkmen: jaman 1, 2
Oyrat: jaman, d́aman 1, 2
Kirghiz: ǯaman 1
Kazakh: žaman 1
Noghai: jaman 1
Bashkir: jaman 1
Balkar: aman 1
Karaim: jaman 1
Karakalpak: žaman 1
Salar: jaman 1
Kumyk: jaman 1
Comments: VEWT 184, EDT 937, ЭСТЯ 4, 109. Cf. Yak. sɨmɨja 'lie, deceit'. The meaning 'bad disease' is attested already in Old Turkic.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *dam-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 old, worn out 2 to act as an aggressor
Russian meaning: 1 ветхий, старый 2 выступать зачинщиком
Nanai: dambịča- 2
Udighe: dāmpihi- 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 195.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *dàm-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be ill, sick
Russian meaning: болеть
Old Japanese: jam-
Middle Japanese: jàm-
Tokyo: yám-
Kyoto: yám-
Kagoshima: yám-
Comments: JLTT 785. RJ and Tokyo point to *jàm-; the tonally aberrant Kyoto and Kagoshima reflexes may have been influenced by the literary language.

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