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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`i̯ṓli ( ~ -e, *č`i̯ā́lo)
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: grey, light
Russian meaning: серый, светлый
Turkic: *čĀl
Mongolian: *čil- / *čel-
Tungus-Manchu: *čolka
Comments: A Western isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čĀl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey, grey-headed
Russian meaning: серый, седой
Karakhanid: čal (MK, KB)
Turkish: čal
Tatar: čal 'grey hair'
Middle Turkic: čal 'having grey hair amid black hair' (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: čɔl 'old man'
Azerbaidzhan: čal
Turkmen: čāl
Khakassian: čal
Oyrat: čal
Yakut: sālɨr 'light-bay (horse); pepper-and-salt (hair)'
Kirghiz: čal
Kazakh: šal 'old man'
Noghai: šal
Bashkir: sal
Balkar: čal
Karaim: čal
Karakalpak: šal
Kumyk: čal
Comments: EDT 417, VEWT 96, TMN 2, 31, Аникин 640. Turk. > WMong. čal, Kalm. cal, Khalkha cal būral 'grey-haired, roan'; Russ. чалый.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-jak,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čil- / *čel
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 albino 2 clear, cloudless
Russian meaning: 1 альбинос 2 ясный, безоблачный
Written Mongolian: čilbaŋ 1 (L 182), čil, čel 2 (DO 703), čilge- 2
Khalkha: čalbaŋ, čil
Buriat: šalgar 2
Kalmuck: cel, čilgṛ 2
Ordos: čilbaŋ 1, čil 2
Comments: KW 426, 440.
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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čolka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: grey, white (of hair)
Russian meaning: седой
Evenki: čolko
Negidal: čolko
Comments: ТМС 2, 405. Cf. also *čul- 'green, blue'.
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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *čilV
Meaning: light
Indo-European: ? *stilp-, -b-
Altaic: *č`i̯ṓli ( ~ -e, *č`i̯ā́lo) 'grey, light'
Uralic: *ćOlkV- ~ *ćElkV-
Comments: Cf. *CVlV.
nostret-meaning,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *stilp-, -b-
Meaning: to shine, to look
Old Greek: stílbō, aor. stílpsai̯ `glänzen, blinken, schimmern', stílbǟ f. `Lampe', stilbēdṓn, -ónos f. `Glanz, Schimmer', stílpsi-s f. `das Funkeln', stilpnó- `glänzend, funkelnd'
Baltic: *stil̃b- vb. inch.
Celtic: *still- > Ir sell `Auge', sellaim `sehe an'; Cymr cyllu `anschauen', Corn sylly `anschauen', Bret sellout `anschauen'
Russ. meaning: светить, глядеть
References: WP II 646
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Baltic etymology :

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Proto-Baltic: *stil̃b- vb. inch.
Meaning: peer at
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: stil̃bti (-bsta, -bō) 'infolge Lichtmangels verkümmern; einen stieren Blick bekommen, anfangen zu glotzen'
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Pokorny's dictionary :

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Number: 1902
Root: stilp-, stilb- ?
English meaning: to shine; to show
German meaning: `glänzen; schauen'?
General comments: dem Bau idg. Wurzeln widersprechend
Material: Gr. στίλβω `glänze, schimmere', στίλβη `Glanz'; στιλπνός `glänzend' = ir. sell `Auge', sellaim `sehe an', cymr. syllu, corn. sylly, bret. sellout `anschauen'.
References: WP. II 646.
Pages: 1035
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-comments,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 85
Proto: *ćOlkV- ~ *ćElkV-
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to shine, glitter
German meaning: glänzen, schimmern
Mordovian: ćiĺd́or (moĺe-) 'schimmern, glimmern, glänzen'
Mari (Cheremis): cǝ̑lɣǝ̑ža- (KB), ćǝ̑lɣǝ̑ža- (U) 'glimmern, flimmern', colɣǝ̑ža- (KB), ćolɣǝ̑ža- (U) 'glimmern, glänzen, glühen', colɣǝ (KB) 'Blitz', cǝ̑lɣǝ̑ža- 'funkeln'
Udmurt (Votyak): č́iĺal-, śiĺal-, śijal- (S), č́ilal- (J) 'glänzen'
Komi (Zyrian): ʒ́uljal-, ʒ́uĺĺal- 'schwach glänzen, schimmern'
Khanty (Ostyak): śŭлpĭ- (Kaz.) 'im Dunkeln blinken', śuli- 'glänzen, blinken, funkeln'
Mansi (Vogul): śülɣ- (KU), süll- (P), śulɣ- (So.) 'funkeln'
Hungarian: csillog- 'glänzen, strahlen', ? sajog- 'schmerzen, brennen; dial. glänzen', csillag 'Stern', csillámlik 'schimmern, blinken'
Addenda: Kar. t́š́ilkettö- 'glänzen, schimmern', Lüd. č́iлketta-, č́ilkotta-
K. Reshetnikov's notes: Mar. and Ug. reflect a variant with a velar vowel (*-u-?) as opposed to *c'ilkV- (also Perm.? - cf. Komi ʒ'ul- discussed in PRMET 42). At first sight, Hun. csill- seems to reflect *c'ilkV-, but note the velar vocalism in the suffixes (csill-og, csill-ám).
References: Budenz MUSz. 368; Donn. VglWb. 709; КЭСКЯ; MSzFgrE; TESz; EtSz
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