Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *č`ĭre
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: to stink, be rotten
Russian meaning: плохо пахнуть, гнить
Turkic: *čẹr
Mongolian: *čer
Tungus-Manchu: *čiri-
Korean: *čiri-
Comments: EAS 63, SKE 35, ОСНЯ 1, 207.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-kor,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *čẹr
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 bodily heaviness, constipation (euphem.) 2 rotten, foul 3 to rot 4 illness 5 dirt 6 to be sick, ill 7 rot 8 glue 9 anguish, sorrow
Russian meaning: 1 запор (эвфем.) 2 гнилой, сгнивший 3 гнить 4 болезнь 5 грязь 6 болеть, хворать 7 труха, гниль 8 клей 9 тоска, скорбь
Karakhanid: čer 1 (MK), čer-le-n- 'to be constipated; to suppurate (of eyes)' (MK)
Turkish: čer 4, čirk 5, čiriš 'flour paste'
Tatar: čir 4, čirlä- 4, čere- 3, čerek 7
Middle Turkic: čir 'tumeur, clou', čire- 'se dégoú̀ter'
Uzbek: čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirk 'snuff; hardened wheel ointment'
Uighur: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Azerbaidzhan: čär 'horse's heart attack', čärlä- 6, čirk 5
Turkmen: čirk '(dirty) spot; insult', čerrik 'illness (of cattle)'
Oyrat: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Chuvash: čir, dial. čẹr 4, śǝr- 3, 6, śǝrǝk 2
Kirghiz: čer 9, 'hard tumour', čerle- 'to be anguished', čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirenč 8
Kazakh: šer 4, 9, širi- 3, širik 2
Noghai: šer 4, širi- 3, širik 2
Bashkir: sir 4, sere- 3, serek 2
Balkar: čiri- 3, čirik 2
Gagauz: čiriš 8
Karaim: ciri-, čiri- 3, cirik, čirik 2, čɨrɨš 8
Karakalpak: šer 9, šir- 3, širik 2, širiš 'slime'
Kumyk: čer 4, 9, čiri- 3, čirik 2, čirkew 'maggots in rotten food'
Comments: VEWT 105, EDT 427, 430, TMN 1077, Егоров 211-212, 326, Федотов 2,111-112, 420. As Doerfer notes, Turkic forms of the type čirkin 'dirty, nasty, ugly' (Chag., Tur., Gag., Tat., Uzb.) are rather borrowed from Persian čirkin (which itself is derived from čirk, borrowed < Turkic).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-blkx,turcet-gagx,turcet-krmx,turcet-klpx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Mongolian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Mongolian: *čer
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 phlegm 2 tumour
Russian meaning: 1 слизь, мокроты 2 опухоль
Written Mongolian: čer
Khalkha: cer 1
Buriat: ser 2
Kalmuck: cer 1
Ordos: čir 1
Dagur: čire 'dirt, manure'
Comments: KW 427.
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-wmo,monget-hal,monget-bur,monget-kal,monget-ord,monget-dag,monget-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čiri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to stink
Russian meaning: вонять, плохо пахнуть
Evenki: čiri-
Nanai: čịrịftala- (Bik.)
Comments: ТМС 2, 399.
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-nan,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Korean etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Korean: *čiri-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be foul, emit a foul odour
Russian meaning: плохо пахнуть
Modern Korean: čiri-
Comments: KED 1531.
koret-prnum,koret-meaning,koret-rusmean,koret-phn,koret-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *[č]iru
Meaning: pus, rot
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *(s)ter- 'to rot' (Pok. 1031)
Altaic: *č`ire
Uralic: *sirV(mV) (*sürV(mV)) 'Rotz'
Comments: Expected *ć- in Ur.
References: МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 207; ND 409 *č[i]rkV 'pus, rotten liquid' (IE + Turk. + Akk. šark- 'pus').
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-notes,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Indo-European etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-IE: *(s)trek'-; *(s)terk'-, -g'-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: faeces
Old Greek: stérgano-s m. = koprṓn, Lat sterquilinium Hsch.; tárgano-n n. `verdorbener Wein, Essig, Nachwein'
Baltic: *ter̃č- vb. tr., *tir̂č- vb. intr.
Germanic: *ɵrikk-a- m., n.
Latin: stercus, -oris n. `Exkremente, Kot, Dünger'
Celtic: Cymr trwnk `urine'; *troktā > troeth `lye, urine'
Russ. meaning: испражнения
References: WP II 641 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-greek,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-celt,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

Search within this database


Baltic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Baltic: *ter̃č- vb. tr., *tir̂č- vb. intr.
Meaning: mud(dy)
Indo-European etymology: Indo-European etymology
Lithuanian: ter̃šti, -ia `beschmutzen, die Wiesen verschlämmen', tìršti, -šta `dickflüssig werden'
baltet-meaning,baltet-prnum,baltet-lith,

Search within this database


Germanic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Germanic: *ɵrikka-z, -n
Meaning: dung
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: ɵrekk-r m. `Dreck, Schmutz'
Swedish: träck `Kot'
Old Danish: träk
Old English: { ɵreax `Fäulnis, Abfall, Kehricht' }
Old Frisian: threkk
Middle Dutch: drec m., n. `drek, bezinksel'
Dutch: drek m.
Middle Low German: dreck m.
Old High German: mūs-threc `Mäusekot' (12.Jh.)
Middle High German: drëc, gen. -ckes st. m. 'dreck'
German: Dreck m.
germet-meaning,germet-prnum,germet-onord,germet-swed,germet-odan,germet-oengl,germet-ofris,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

Search within this database


Pokorny's dictionary :

Search within this database
Number: 1897
Root: (s)ter-8
English meaning: dirty water, mud, smear
German meaning: in Worten für `unreine Flüssigkeit, Mist; besudeln; verwesen'
Material: Av. star- `sich beflecken, sündigen';

    arm. t`arax, -ic̣, -oc̣ `pus, humeur' (*tero-; daneben o-stufig vielleicht:) arm. t`or `that flows down, that drops'; norw. stor n. `Faulen, Verwesen'; russ.-ksl. stьrvъ, russ. stérva `Aas'; ohne anlaut. s-: lit. terménti `schmieren', bulg. torъ `Dünger'.

    (s)terk̂-, nasal. (s)trenk̂-:

    lat. stercus, -oris `Exkremente, Kot, Mist, Dünger', sterculīnum, sterquilīnum `Misthaufen'; cymr. trwnc `Urin, Hefe', bret. stroñk `Menschenkot';

    cymr. troeth `Lauge, Urin', troethi `mingere', bret. troaz `Urin' (*troktā oder *tronktā); lit. teršiù, ter̃šti `beschmutzen', apter̃šti `beschmutzen', tiršti `dickflüssig werden'; ostlit. tręsiù, trę̃sti `düngen' (wie lat. stercorāre);

    lit. trąšà `Dünger', trèšti `faulen, verwesen', traškanos `Eiter in den Augen', wozu nisl. þrār `faul, ranzig', norw. traa ds., ags. ðrōh `rancor'.

    (s)terg-, (s)treg-:

    gr. στεργάνος κόπρων Hes.; τάργανον `Weinessig'; ablaut. τρύξ, -γός `junger, noch trüber Wein, Weinhefe u. dgl.'; expressiv aisl. þrekkr, mhd. drec, -ckes `Dreck'; wohl auch ags. ðreax `caries'; vielleicht lat. troia `Sau' (*trogi̯ā `die Dreckige'), das aber auch zu mir. trogaid `gebiert' gehören könnte; ob air. torc, cymr. twrch, acorn. torch, bret. tourc'h `Eber' aus*trogos nach [p]orc- `Schwein' umgebildet sei, ist unsicher, doch könnte es als *torkos zur Gruppe auf Tenuis gehören.

References: WP. II 641 f., WH. II 708, Vasmer 3, 12.
Pages: 1031-1032
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 1580
Proto: *sirV(mV) (*sürV(mV))
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: snot
German meaning: Rotz
Mari (Cheremis): šürem (MRS) 'насморк' ? (if not < Chuv.)
Udmurt (Votyak): zi̮ri̮m (S), zǝ̑rǝ̑m (K), zị̑rị̑m (G) 'Rotz' ?
Komi (Zyrian): zi̮ri̮m (S), zi̮ri̮.m (P), zørø.m (PO)
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-mar,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,

Search within this database


Long-range etymologies :

Search within this database
Borean (approx.) : CVRV
Meaning : pus, rot
Eurasiatic : *Ciru
Afroasiatic : *čir-
Reference : МССНЯ 336, ОСНЯ 1, 207.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

Search within this database


Afroasiatic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *čir- (?)
Meaning: faeces, dirt
Borean etymology: Borean etymology
Egyptian: sr (gr) 'dirt'
East Chadic: *čir- 'faeces, dirt' 1, 'defecate (of birds)' 2
High East Cushitic: *čir- 'faeces'
Notes: Insufficient data.
afaset-meaning,afaset-prnum,afaset-egy,afaset-ech,afaset-hec,afaset-notes,

Search within this database


Egyptian etymology :

Search within this database
Old Egyptian: sr (gr)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'dirt'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

Search within this database


East Chadic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-EChadic: *čir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'faeces, dirt' 1, 'defecate (of birds)' 2
Bidiya: čor 2
Mokilko: sììrí [JMkk] 1
echet-prnum,echet-meaning,echet-bid,echet-mkk,

Search within this database


High East Cushitic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-High East Cushitic: *čir-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'faeces'
Hadiya (Gudella): čiro
Notes: Cf. also Bmb sera id.
hecet-prnum,hecet-meaning,hecet-had,hecet-notes,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
3091791727060
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov