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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`ap`i ( ~ *č`ep`a)
Meaning: a k. of horned animal
Russian meaning: вид рогатого животного
Turkic: *čepiĺ
Mongolian: *čaɣa
Comments: A Turk.-Mong. isogloss. There are alternatives: the Mong. form can be compared with Evk. čenekū, čeŋek 'reindeer' (ТМС 2, 421), while the Turkic may be compared with Evk. čubukī, čē̂wakūn 'mountain ram' (ТМС 2, 410). On the whole, a rather obscure case: cf. Хелимский 2000, 286 on a possibility of the Mongolian word being borrowed < Sam.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čepiĺ
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: a half-year or 1-year-old kid
Russian meaning: (полу)годовалый козленок
Karakhanid: čepiš (MK)
Turkish: čepiš, čepič
Uighur: čivič
Azerbaidzhan: čäpiš
Turkmen: čebiš
Halaj: čapiš ( < Az.?)
Kirghiz: čebič
Balkar: čemič
Kumyk: čebič
Comments: VEWT 105, EDT 399, Щербак 1961, 120. Cf. also Chag. čiber 'mountain goat' (R). The reflex -b- in Turkm. and Uygh. may be an indication of original vowel length (?) Shcherbak's hypothesis of the word being borrowed < Iranian is dubious; Pers. čapiš, čapuš itself may well be borrowed < Turkic. In any case, the Persian form cannot be a regular IE match for Lat. caper. Cf. WH 1, 157, sub caper: "Np. čapiš...lautlich unmöglich"; indeed, Common Iranian -p- (< IE -p-) > Mod. Pers. and NW-Iran. -b-, in exceptional cases -v- (Расторгуева ЗИФ 114-115); a parallel for caper may perhaps be found in Sak. cau̯, Osset. cäv 'goat' (see Аб. 1, 307, Bailey 105). One should mention the problematic "Wanderformen" Rum. cap, Alb. tsap, Ital. dial. cappo, Crim.-Goth. stap, Slav. *cá́pъ 'he-goat'; cf. also Oyr. čāp 'one year-old roebuck' ( < Mong.?). See Трубачев 1960, 89-90, Orel 47 with literature; note especially Hubschmid's (1954, 49) hypothesis of the Turkic origin of this Wanderwort.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: reindeer
Russian meaning: олень (домашний)
Written Mongolian: čaɣa (L 154: ča)
Buriat: sagān 'breeding reindeer'
Kalmuck: (КРС)

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