Change viewing parameters
Select another database

Altaic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Altaic: *č`ali
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: membrane, bark
Russian meaning: кожица, кора
Turkic: *čEl(p)-
Tungus-Manchu: *čalban
Comments: A Turk.-Tung. isogloss.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-tung,altet-reference,

Search within this database


Turkic etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Turkic: *čEl
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 film, membrane 2 albugo 3 mucus discharged by the eye 4 unhusked rice 5 thin bread, cake 6 husk in grain
Russian meaning: 1 пленка, кожица, подмездрина 2 бельмо 3 глазной гной 4 неошелушенный рис 5 тонкая лепешка 6 шелуха в крупе
Karakhanid: čelpek 3 (MK)
Turkish: čel-tik 4; čelpik 3 (Red. only)
Tatar: cilen 'cow's afterbirth' (dial. КСТТ)
Middle Turkic: čelpek 5 (Sangl.)
Uzbek: čalpak 5
Uighur: čälpäk 5
Azerbaidzhan: čäl-tik 4
Turkmen: čelpek 5, čel-tik 6
Oyrat: čel 1, 2
Halaj: čäl-tik 4
Kirghiz: čel 1, 2, čelpek 5
Kazakh: šel 2, 'fat under skin', šelpek 5
Noghai: šel-te- 'to husk grain'
Karakalpak: šelpek 5
Comments: VEWT 103, EDT 418-419, Лексика 392. Ogh. čel-tik > Pers. čaltuk, šaltūk (despite VEWT 104). Turk. čelpek > Pers. čalpak (TMN 3, 1111). The meaning 'eye pus, mucus' in *čel-pek developed under the influence of the similar *čapak (see under *čap- 'plaster'), but the two roots should be clearly distinguished (despite EDT 418).
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-azb,turcet-trm,turcet-alt,turcet-khal,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

Search within this database


Tungus etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čalban
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: birch, birch bark
Russian meaning: береза, береста
Evenki: čalban
Even: čālban
Negidal: čālban
Nanai: čalbã
Oroch: čā(b)ba
Udighe: čafakt`ai 'березняк'
Comments: ТМС 2, 380-382. TM > Dag. čālbān (Тод. Даг. 180).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-evk,tunget-evn,tunget-neg,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-reference,

Search within this database


Nostratic etymology :

Search within this database
Eurasiatic: *cVlV
Meaning: bark, peel
Altaic: *č`ali
Uralic: *ćele (also *śaĺV )
Dravidian: SDR *sol-i- 'to strip, peel' (2413) or *śiḷ-i- id. (2205)
Eskimo-Aleut: *caluv-
References: ND 295 *ćel̄E 'to peel' (Turk.+Ur.; also adds Sem. *šlχ- 'to skin' and some IE and Kartv. forms that are hard to separate from *CVlV 'split').
nostret-meaning,nostret-alt,nostret-ura,nostret-drav,nostret-esk,nostret-reference,

Search within this database


Uralic etymology :

Search within this database
Number: 62
Proto: *ćele
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to rub antlers against a tree
German meaning: das Geweih vom Bast reinigen (durch Reiben an einem Baum; vom Rentier)
Saam (Lapp): čâlǒ-, čâlâ-, t́š́ol-, čâllâ- -l- (N) 'rub the antlers against smth. to get the skin off', tjalla- (L) 'abkratzen, -schälen, abreißen (z. B. die Rinde von Zweigen, den Bast etc.), t́š́âллα- (Kld.), t́š́ɛ̮̑ллa̮- (T), t́š́ɛ̮ллα- (Ko. Not.) 'das Geweih an einem Baum u. dgl. reiben, um es vom Bast zu befreien (Rentier)' ( > Finn. kelo, kilo, keloa-, kilaa-)
Nenets (Yurak): śelā- 'das Geweih von der Haut reinigen (durch Reiben an einem Baum; von einem Rentier); die Rinde von einem Baum reiben (das Rentier mit seinem Geweih)'
K. Reshetnikov's notes: Ur. *c'- ~ *s'-
References: FUV; Paas.Beitr. 221
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-nen,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

Search within this database


Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Dravidian : *sol-
Meaning : to peel, strip (bark)
Proto-South Dravidian: *sol-i-
dravet-meaning,dravet-sdr,

Search within this database


South Dravidian etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-South Dravidian : *sol-i-
Meaning : to strip off, peel
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : coli (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to strip off, peel off; tear
Kannada : suli
Kannada meaning : to tear or strip off, peel, pare, shell as beans, etc., plunder, rob; n. state of being stripped, peeled, bare or uncovered
Kannada derivates : sulige, suliha plundering, robbery, pillage, booty; sulisu to cause to flay, etc.; sōle skin or slough of a snake, coat of an onion; (Hav.) soli to peel
Tulu : suligè
Tulu meaning : pillaging, plundering, robbing
Tulu derivates : sulipini, sulipuni to peel, flay, skin, pare off; (?) (B-K) toli, tolpu = suli to peel off, remove as the bark or skin; tollu to pluck out (as hair, feathers, etc.)
Miscellaneous : KOR (O) solpu to peel
Notes : Tulu toli, etc., that B&E place here, should rather be compared with *tōl skin.
Number in DED : 2856
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-misc,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

Search within this database


Eskimo etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Eskimo: *caluv-
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to tan skin, thin, dried, lean
Russian meaning: выделывать кожу, тонкий, высохший, тощий
Proto-Yupik: *caluɣ-
Proto-Inupik: *caluɣ- (-m-), *callu
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 66
esqet-prnum,esqet-meaning,esqet-rmean,esqet-yup,esqet-inup,esqet-refer,

Search within this database


Yupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Yupik: *caluɣ-
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: dry, dried out
Russian Meaning: сухой, высохший
Sirenik: salúkcǝχ
Chaplino: //saluɣ- 'to be in dire need of water, dying of thirst'
Naukan: //saluɣ- 'to be dying of thirst' [Taghyuq]
Central Alaskan Yupik: caluxtǝ- 'to tan by scraping'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 66
yupet-prnum,yupet-mean,yupet-rmean,yupet-sir,yupet-chap,yupet-nauk,yupet-cay,yupet-ced,

Search within this database


Inupik etymology :

Search within this database
Proto-Inupik: *cälụɣ- (-m-), *callu
Eskimo etymology: Eskimo etymology
Meaning: to tan (skin) 1, thin 2
Russian meaning: дубить (шкуру) 1, тонкий 2
Seward Peninsula Inupik: saluk- 1, 'to die of starvation'
SPI Dialects: Imaq salúɣatoq 'to die of starvation', W säluktoq* 1, säluksin* 'skin-scraper'
North Alaskan Inupik: saluksi- 1, 'to clean skin by hitting with stick'
NAI Dialects: B säluktoq* 1, säluksin* 'skin-scraper', Nu saluk- 'to scrape skin'
WCI Dialects: Cor häluktoq* 1, hälokx́in* 'skin-scraper', M säluktoq* 1, säluksin* 'skin-scraper', EP haluʁaq 'dry ground' [Ow.], Cop haluk- 'to skrape skin'
Eastern Canadian Inupik: saluk- 'to have slimmed', sallu 2
Greenlandic Inupik: saluɣ- (salivâ*) 2, saluaʁ- (saluvarpâ*), salummaʁ- 'to have been dried in sun (skin, etc.)', saluaʁsaʁ- 'to scrape or wipe dry (skin, etc.)', saɫɫū- 'to be lean'
Comparative Eskimo Dictionary: 66
inupet-prnum,inupet-meaning,inupet-rmean,inupet-spi,inupet-spis,inupet-nai,inupet-nais,inupet-wcis,inupet-eci,inupet-gri,inupet-ced,

Search within this database

Select another database
Change viewing parameters
Total pages generatedPages generated by this script
559481702632
Help
StarLing database serverPowered byCGI scripts
Copyright 1998-2003 by S. StarostinCopyright 1998-2003 by G. Bronnikov
Copyright 2005-2014 by Phil Krylov