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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *č`abu
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: army, war
Russian meaning: войско, война
Turkic: *čAbuĺ(č)
Mongolian: *čaɣur
Tungus-Manchu: *čabu-ka
Japanese: *tupa-
Comments: Владимирцов 209.
altet-prnum,altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-tung,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *čAbuĺ(č)
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: military commander
Russian meaning: военный командир
Old Turkic: čabuš (Orkh., Yen.), čavuš (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: čavuš (MK)
Turkish: čavuš
Middle Turkic: čawuš (Sangl.)
Azerbaidzhan: čovuš 'leader of a pilgrimage'
Karaim: čavuš (K) 'senior worker'
Kumyk: čawuš 'herald'
Comments: VEWT 101, EDT 399, TMN 3, 35-38. Criticism of the hypothesis of the word's Iranian origin see in TMN.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-atu,turcet-krh,turcet-trk,turcet-chg,turcet-azb,turcet-krmx,turcet-qum,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *čaɣur
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: military raid
Russian meaning: военный поход
Middle Mongolian: ča'ur (SH)
Buriat: sūr sereg
Ordos: čirik čūr 'army'
monget-prnum,monget-meaning,monget-rusmean,monget-mmo,monget-bur,monget-ord,

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *čabu-ka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: army
Russian meaning: войско
Negidal: čawxa
Spoken Manchu: čuahǝ 'soldier'(1141)
Literary Manchu: čōχa
Jurchen: čaw-xa (269)
Ulcha: čaụχa
Orok: čaụχa
Nanai: čaoχa
Oroch: čaụxa
Udighe: čawaha, čauha
Solon: čoɣa
Comments: ТМС 2, 402. Man. > Dag. čōga, čuag (Тод. Даг. 181).
tunget-prnum,tunget-meaning,tunget-rusmean,tunget-neg,tunget-sib,tunget-man,tunget-chu,tunget-ulc,tunget-ork,tunget-nan,tunget-orc,tunget-ude,tunget-sol,tunget-reference,

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *tupa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 armour, weapon(ry) 2 soldier
Russian meaning: 1 вооружение, оружие 2 солдат
Old Japanese: tupa-m(w)ono 1, 2
Middle Japanese: tufa-mono 1, 2
Tokyo: tsùwamono 2
Kyoto: tsuwamonó 2
Kagoshima: tsuwamonó 2
Comments: JLTT 558. Accent is not clear.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-ajp,japet-mjp,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *čVbV
Meaning: army, people
Borean: Borean
Indo-European: *sebh-
Altaic: *č`abu ?
References: Suggested by V. Glumov.
nostret-meaning,nostret-prnum,nostret-ier,nostret-alt,nostret-reference,

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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *sebh-
Meaning: tribe
Old Indian: sabhā́ f. 'assembly, congregation, society'
Germanic: *sib-jō f.
Russ. meaning: племя, род
References: Fraenkel 768
piet-meaning,piet-ind,piet-germ,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *sibjō
Meaning: race
Gothic: { sibja 'Verwantschaft' }
Old Norse: { pl. sifjar 'Verwandtschaft' }
Old English: sibb 'Verwandtschaft, Liebe, Freundschaft'; godsibb 'Pate'
English: gossip
Old Saxon: sibbia
Middle Dutch: sibbe
Dutch: sibbe
Middle Low German: sibbe
Old High German: sibba (8.Jh.)
Middle High German: sippe st. f. 'Blutverandtschaft, Verwandtschaftsgrad, angeborene Art'
German: Sippe f.
germet-meaning,germet-got,germet-onord,germet-oengl,germet-engl,germet-osax,germet-mdutch,germet-dutch,germet-mlg,germet-ohg,germet-mhg,germet-hg,

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : CVPV
Meaning : people, army
Eurasiatic : *čVbV
Afroasiatic : *ĉ̣abaʔ-
Reference : Suggested by V. Glumov.
globet-meaning,globet-nostr,globet-afas,globet-reference,

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ĉ̣abaʔ-
Meaning: army, people
Semitic: *ṣ/ṣ̂V̄bVʔ- 'wage war, go to war' ~ *ṣ/ṣ̂ābaʔ- 'army' 1, 'warfare' 2, 'soldiers' 3
Egyptian: d_bỉ 'army' (NE) (<Sem)
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *Sa/ib- 'wage war'
Saho-Afar: *ḍVHob- 'tribe'
afaset-meaning,afaset-sem,afaset-egy,afaset-agw,afaset-sho,

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Semitic etymology :

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Number: 1408
Proto-Semitic: *ṣ/ṣ̂V̄bVʔ- ~ *ṣ/ṣ̂ābaʔ-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'army' 1, 'warfare' 2, 'soldiers' 3, 'wage war' 4, 'go to war' 5, 'come out against someone' 6
Akkadian: ṣābu 3, ṣabāʔu 5
Ugaritic: ṣbʔ 1
Phoenician: ṣbʔ 1
Hebrew: ṣābā(ʔ) 1
Arabic: ṣbʔ 6
Epigraphic South Arabian: ḍbʔ 2, 4
Geʕez (Ethiopian): ṣabʔ 2
semet-proto,semet-prnum,semet-meaning,semet-akk,semet-uga,semet-phn,semet-hbr,semet-ara,semet-sar,semet-gzz,

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Egyptian etymology :

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Old Egyptian: d_bꜣ (NE)
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'army'
egyet-prnum,egyet-meaning,

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Central Cushitic (Agaw) etymology :

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Proto-Agaw: *Sa/ib-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'wage war'
Bilin: šab-/šib-
Qwara: sab-
agwet-prnum,agwet-meaning,agwet-bil,agwet-kwr,

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Saho-Afar etymology :

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Proto-Saho-Afar: *ḍVHob-
Afroasiatic etymology: Afroasiatic etymology
Meaning: 'tribe'
Saho: d/ḍoobaa
shoet-prnum,shoet-meaning,shoet-saho,

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