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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *buda
Meaning: to attach, follow, accompany
Russian meaning: прикреплять, следовать, сопровождать
Turkic: *bodu-
Tungus-Manchu: *boda-
Korean: *pǝ̄t
Comments: A rather usual case of secondary nominalizing in Korean (cf. pa 'rope' < *bā́ 'to bind' etc.).

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bodu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to fasten (with a nail, arrow) 2 to be fastened, attached 3 wooden nail in camel's nose for fastening the tether 4 nail
Russian meaning: 1 прикреплять, прибивать (гвоздем, стрелой) 2 быть прикрепленным 3 деревянный гвоздик в носовой перегородке верблюда для прикрепления привязи 4 гвоздь
Old Turkic: bodu- 1 (OUygh.), bodul- 2, budlu 3 (OUygh. - YB)
Karakhanid: bodu- 1 (MK), butlu ( = budlu) 3 (MK)
Turkish: pojra 'wheel hob', dial. bujru, bujlu
Middle Turkic: bujla (MA) 3
Uighur: bujla 3
Turkmen: büjli 3
Khakassian: pozɨɣ 4
Shor: pozuɣ 4
Kirghiz: bujla 3
Kazakh: bujda 3
Noghai: bojɨsqan (< *bodɨ-š-kan) 'woollen lead for fastening calves during milking'
Bashkir: bujlɨq 'a bridle detail, суголовник'
Karakalpak: bujda 3
Comments: EDT 300, 304, 305, ЭСТЯ 2, 287. The original meaning of the root is clearly 'to fasten, attach'. The -u-vowel in the name of camel harness may be a result of borrowing in Karakh. from a Kypchak-type dialect, with further dispersion from Karakh. Тurk. bujla > Mong. bujla 'id.' > Tuva bujla.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *boda-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to follow smb., accompany
Russian meaning: следовать за кем-л., сопровождать
Evenki: bodo-
Even: bod-
Negidal: bodo-
Ulcha: bodo-
Orok: bodo-
Nanai: bodo-
Udighe: bodo-
Comments: ТМС 1, 88.

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pǝ̄t
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: friend, companion
Russian meaning: друг, товарищ
Modern Korean: pǝ̄t [pǝs]
Middle Korean: pǝ̄t
Comments: Nam 256, KED 771.

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