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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bṓlo ( ~ -e)
Meaning: to be
Russian meaning: быть
Turkic: *bōl-
Mongolian: *bol-
Japanese: *bǝ́r-
Comments: KW 50, Poppe 99, Miller 1981, 851, Street 1985, 639, АПиПЯЯ 68. Doerfer (TMN 2, 358), quite fantastically, links also TM *ō- (what about "Lautgesätze"?) : "altes indoeur. Lw. : *u̯ol- 'wollen'" (isn't this "Omnikomparatismus"?).

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bōl-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become
Russian meaning: становиться
Old Turkic: bol- (Orkh., OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bol- (MK, KB)
Turkish: ol-
Tatar: bul-
Middle Turkic: bol- (Abush., Sangl.)
Uzbek: bụl-
Uighur: bo(l)-
Sary-Yughur: pol-
Azerbaidzhan: ol-
Turkmen: bol-
Khakassian: pol-
Shor: pol-
Oyrat: bol-
Halaj: ộl-
Chuvash: pol-
Yakut: buol-
Dolgan: buol-
Tuva: bol-
Kirghiz: bol-
Kazakh: bol-
Noghai: bol-
Bashkir: bul-
Balkar: bol-
Gagauz: ol-
Karaim: bol-
Karakalpak: bol-
Salar: vol-, vō-, bō- (Тен. ССЯ)
Kumyk: bol-
Comments: EDT 331-332, VEWT 79, TMN 2, 358, ЭСТЯ 2, 185-188, Федотов 1, 442, Stachowski 66. Forms with o- may represent a different root (see *ol-tur-). On the other hand, the geographical distribution of this variant matches quite closely the change *b- > v- in a number of words with grammatical function (for Haladzh cf. vīer- 'give', vāor 'there is'), so most of the forms with o- may indeed reflect *bol- > *vol- > ol-; the different root *ol- is with more certainty reflected only in Middle Uyghur (At., Tefs., IM - cf. bar, bir- in the same sources) and Middle Kypchak (Bulgat, Ettuhf., see ЭСТЯ 2, 186).

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *bol-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to become
Russian meaning: становиться
Written Mongolian: bol- (L 114)
Middle Mongolian: bol- (IM, SH, HYt), bul- (MA)
Khalkha: bol-
Buriat: bolo-
Kalmuck: bol-
Ordos: bol-
Dongxian: bolu-, volu- (MGCD: olu-)
Baoan: ol-
Dagur: bol- (Тод. Даг. 127), bole- (MD 125), bolo-
Shary-Yoghur: bol-
Monguor: boli- (SM 19), ōli- (SM 296), (MGCD: ulǝ)
Mogol: bolu-
Comments: KW 50, MGCD 157.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *bǝ́r-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to be
Russian meaning: быть
Old Japanese: wor-
Middle Japanese: wór-
Tokyo: ór-
Kyoto: ór-
Kagoshima: ór-
Comments: JLTT 742. Accent in Tokyo is aberrant; all other dialects, as well as RJ wór-, point to *bǝ́r-.

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