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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bójĺo
Meaning: to learn, be attentive
Russian meaning: учить(ся), быть внимательным
Turkic: *boĺgu-
Mongolian: *bolgu-ɣa-
Korean: *pằihó-
Japanese: *bǝ́sí-pa-
Comments: Street 1980, 287 compares the PT form with Mong. bolba-sun 'trained, educated, mature' (possibly also related as a suffixed form). Medial *-j- should be reconstructed to account for loss of *-ĺ- in Korean.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *boĺgu-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to learn 2 to teach, make learn 3 teaching 4 student
Russian meaning: 1 учиться 2 учить, наставлять, заставлять выучить 3 наставление 4 ученик, подмастерье
Old Turkic: bošɣu-n- 1, bošɣu-t-, bošɣu-r- 2, bošɣut 3 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: bošɣut 4
Comments: VEWT 82, EDT 379. Derivation from bošuɣ 'allowance, pardon' (EDT) is hardly plausible.

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *bolgu-ɣa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: be cautious, gingerly
Russian meaning: быть осторожным, осмотрительным
Written Mongolian: bolɣuɣa- (L 117)
Middle Mongolian: boluxa'a- (HY 33), bolqa'a- (SH)
Khalkha: bolgō-
Buriat: bolgō-
Kalmuck: bolɣā-
Ordos: bolgō-
Comments: KW 50. Mong. > Oyr. polɣō- etc. (see TMN 1, 233); Evk. bolgo- etc., see Doerfer MT 135.

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pằihó-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to learn
Russian meaning: учиться
Modern Korean: päu-
Middle Korean: pằihó-
Comments: Nam 252, KED 749.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *bǝ́sí-pa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to teach
Russian meaning: учить
Old Japanese: wosipa-
Middle Japanese: wósífa-
Tokyo: òshie-
Kyoto: óshíé-
Kagoshima: oshié-
Comments: JLTT 742.

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