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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bi̯ùdo ( ~ -u)
Meaning: gruel, paste; to swell in water
Russian meaning: каша, клейкая масса; разбухать в воде
Turkic: *botka
Mongolian: *budaɣa
Korean: *pɨ̄d-, *pɨ́dVh
Japanese: *pùjàkà-
Comments: Cf. perhaps also Man. buǯu- 'to cook': the form may go back to PTM *büdigu-. MKor. phɨ́r < *pɨ́rh < *pɨ́rVh < *pɨ́dVh (with an early vowel reduction, which explains the reflex -r as originally intervocalic).
altet-meaning,altet-rusmean,altet-turc,altet-mong,altet-kor,altet-jap,altet-reference,

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *botka
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: gruel, porridge
Russian meaning: каша
Tatar: botqa
Middle Turkic: OKypch. butɣa (At-Tuhf.)
Uzbek: bụtqa
Uighur: botqa
Khakassian: potxɨ
Oyrat: botqo
Chuvash: pъʷdъʷ
Yakut: butuɣas
Tuva: botqa (Krg.)
Kirghiz: botqo
Kazakh: botqa
Noghai: botqa
Bashkir: butqa
Karakalpak: botqa
Comments: VEWT 82, ЭСТЯ 2, 201. There seems to have existed a deriving verb *bot- or *bod- (*but-, *bud-) 'to stir (porridge)', reflected only in Yak. butuj-.
turcet-prnum,turcet-meaning,turcet-rusmean,turcet-tat,turcet-chg,turcet-uzb,turcet-uig,turcet-hak,turcet-alt,turcet-chv,turcet-jak,turcet-tuv,turcet-krg,turcet-kaz,turcet-nogx,turcet-bas,turcet-klpx,turcet-reference,

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *budaɣa
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 gruel, soup 2 food
Russian meaning: каша, суп
Written Mongolian: budaɣa(n) (L 129) 1
Middle Mongolian: buda'an (HY 24, SH), budan (IM), budan (MA) 1
Khalkha: budā(n) 1
Buriat: budā 1
Kalmuck: budān 1
Ordos: budā 1,2
Dongxian: budan 2
Baoan: badaŋ 2
Dagur: badā 2 (Тод. Даг. 123, MD 117), bedā 2 (MD 120), budā 1, 2
Shary-Yoghur: budān 1
Monguor: budā (SM 30) 1, 2
Mogol: ZM bodɔ̄n 'gruel' (15-1a)
Comments: KW 57, MGCD 165. Mong. > Man. buda etc. (ТМС 1, 102; Doerfer MT 116; Rozycki 36).
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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pɨ̄d-, *pɨ́dVh
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to swell, get bloated (in water) 2 glue, paste, gruel
Russian meaning: 1 разбухать 2 клей, крахмал, каша
Modern Korean: put- (pur-) 1, phul 2
Middle Korean: phɨ́r 2
Comments: Nam 465, KED 832, 1763.
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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *pùjàkà-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to swell (being immersed into water)
Russian meaning: разбухать (в воде)
Tokyo: fuyaké-
Kyoto: fúyáké-
Kagoshima: fuyaké-
Comments: JLTT 797. The MJ accent is unattested. Kyoto and Tokyo point to original low tone, but Kagoshima is aberrant.
japet-prnum,japet-meaning,japet-rusmean,japet-tok,japet-kyo,japet-kag,japet-comments,

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