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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *bási
Meaning: payment, loan
Russian meaning: плата, заем
Turkic: *basɨg
Tungus-Manchu: *basa-
Korean: *pskūi'í-, pskú-
Japanese: *písák-
Comments: ТМС 1, 76 (TM-Turk.). Korean has a usual vowel loss between a stop and a fricative (*psku- < *pis(i)-ku or *pǝs(i)-ku). Note the velar suffixation in Turkic, Korean and Jpn.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *bas-ɨg
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 a k. of tax 2 a coin
Russian meaning: 1 вид подати, налога 2 монета
Old Turkic: basɨɣ (OUygh.) 1
Tatar: bas, pas, bās 'price', pas-lɨ 'valued, expensive' (Sib., КСТТ 108, 177)
Chuvash: pus 2
Comments: EDT 373, Ашм. X, 4-5, Федотов 1, 449-450. The OT form is usually regarded as derived from *bas- 'to press' (v. sub *pằsi), but external evidence suggests that this is one of the numerous inner Turkic folk-etymological reinterpretations. Chuv. pus "copec" needs some additional comments. According to Егоров 166 it can either be derived from pus- 'break' < Turk. *bas- (according to Zolotnitski), or be borrowed from Pers. pōst "skin" > Tur. post, Uzb. pust 'id.' (Turkic forms see in VEWT 386). The latter hypothesis is rather improbable because the form means 'coin' only in Chuv., and because this borrowing is absent in other languages of the Volga region. VEWT 387 suggests Chuv. pus < Mari puš 'debt, tax' < pu- 'give'. The word is absent from the Mari dictionary, one only finds пуышаш 'arrears'; cf., on the other hand, Udm. pus 'sign, subscription' < Chuv. puzǝ id. < pus- 'to press'. This etymology is, therefore, equally dubious, and our equation of Chuv. pus = OT basɨɣ seems preferable.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *basa-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: payment
Russian meaning: плата
Literary Manchu: basa, base
Comments: ТМС 1, 76. Attested only in Manchu, but having probable external parallels.

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Korean etymology :

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Proto-Korean: *pskūi'í-, pskú-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to loan, borrow
Russian meaning: одалживать, брать в долг
Modern Korean: k:ui-, k:u-
Middle Korean: pskūi'í-, pskú-
Comments: Nam 62, KED 197, 206.

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Japanese etymology :

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Proto-Japanese: *písák-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: to sell, barter
Russian meaning: продавать, торговать
Middle Japanese: físák-
Tokyo: hisag-
Comments: JLTT 690.

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