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Altaic etymology :

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Proto-Altaic: *ăjV
Nostratic: Nostratic
Meaning: good, fitting
Russian meaning: хороший, подходящий
Turkic: *ăja-
Mongolian: *(h)aja
Tungus-Manchu: *aja, *aju-
Comments: KW 3, Владимирцов 282 (Turk.-Mong.), EAS 97, 139, Poppe 66 (with an unreliable Korean parallel), АПиПЯЯ 290, Дыбо 12. A Western isogloss. Because of a semantic difference, TM forms are hardly borrowed from Mong., despite Doerfer MT 46.

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Turkic etymology :

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Proto-Turkic: *ăja-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 to esteem 2 to pity, look after 3 very
Russian meaning: 1 почитать 2 беречь, жалеть 3 очень, сильно
Old Turkic: aja- 1, ajɨ 3 (OUygh.)
Karakhanid: aja- (MK) 1, 2, ajɨ 3 (KB)
Turkish: aj- 2, aja- dial. 1
Tatar: aja- 2
Middle Turkic: aja- 1 (Ettuhf.)
Uzbek: aja- 2
Uighur: aji- 2
Azerbaidzhan: ajin 'cult, ceremony'
Turkmen: aja- 2
Khakassian: aja- 2, aj 3
Shor: aja- 2 (in ajabān 'remorseless')
Chuvash: oja- 'to care'
Tuva: aj 'well'
Kirghiz: aja- 2
Kazakh: aja- 2
Noghai: aja- 2
Bashkir: aja- 2
Balkar: aja- 2
Karaim: aja- 2
Karakalpak: aja- 2
Kumyk: aja- 2
Comments: VEWT 10-11, EDT 267-8, ЭСТЯ 1, 101-102, Федотов 2, 298. Deriving *aja- 'to respect, esteem' from *aj 'fear' (VEWT 11) is hardly plausible. Clauson (EDT 182) thinks that OUygh. ajɨ 'very' is an unusually early example of the elision of -g in ańɨɣ 'evil', which means 'very' in many OUygh. texts, but this is hardly plausible phonetically; so it may belong here, together with Khak. aj 'very' (although the final narrow ɨ is a problem). Sevortyan relates here also SUygh. ajɨɣ 'good omen, good luck', but this may be a reflex of OUygh., Karakh. ajɨq 'vow, promise' (EDT 270).

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Mongolian etymology :

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Proto-Mongolian: *(h)aja
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: favourable circumstances
Russian meaning: благоприятные обстоятельства
Written Mongolian: aja (L 22), aji
Khalkha: aja
Buriat: aj-dar, aja
Kalmuck: ajǝ
Ordos: aja
Comments: KW 4.

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Tungus etymology :

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Proto-Tungus-Manchu: *aja, *aju-
Altaic etymology: Altaic etymology
Meaning: 1 good 2 handsome, beautiful 3 to save, help
Russian meaning: 1 хороший 2 красивый 3 спасать, помогать
Evenki: aja 1, aj(ū)- 3
Even: aj 1, aj(ị)- 3
Negidal: aja 1
Literary Manchu: aj-luŋGa 2, aj-sila- 3
Jurchen: aju-bulu (419) 3
Ulcha: aja 1
Orok: aja 1, ajụ- 3
Nanai: ai, ajā 1
Oroch: aja 1, ai-či- 3
Udighe: aja 1, ai-sigi- 3
Solon: ai, aja 1
Comments: ТМС 1, 18-20. Man. > Dag. ajšilā- 'help' (Тод. Даг. 119).

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Nostratic etymology :

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Eurasiatic: *ʔVjV
Meaning: good, proper
Borean: Borean
Altaic: *ăjV
Dravidian: *ī̆j- (*e-)

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Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-Dravidian : *ī̆j-
Meaning : to agree; proper, possible
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Proto-South Dravidian: *Ij-a-
Proto-Telugu : *īj-

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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *Ij-a-
Meaning : possible; to agree
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : iyal (iyalv-, iyan_r_-; iyali-)
Tamil meaning : to be possible, befall, be associated with; accept, agree to, approach, resemble; n. fitness, good conduct, likeness, nature, quality
Tamil derivates : iyalpu nature, proper behaviour, goodness, propriety; iyalvu nature, means of attaining; iyar_r_u (iyar_r_i-) to do, effect, cause to act, control the movements of, create, compose; iyar_r_i, iyar_r_al effort; iyar_kai nature, custom; iyai (-v-, -nt-) to be agreeable, agree, harmonize, resemble; (-pp-, -tt-) to join, connect, adapt; iyaipu union, harmony, appropriateness; iyaivu union, joining together; icai (-v-, -nt-) to fit in (as one plank with another), harmonize, consent, agree; (-pp-, -tt-) to bind, resemble; n. union, harmony; icaippu combination, joining so as to fit in, joint; icaivu agreement, consent, suitability
Malayalam : iyaluka
Malayalam meaning : to agree, go fairly, be proper
Malayalam derivates : iyal what is proper; nature, condition; strength, power; iyar_r_uka to cause, induce; ikar_r_uka to cause, effect; iyappu joint, joining together; iyayuka to be agreeable, harmonise; iyaykkuka to join (tr.); iśayuka to agree, join together; iśaykkuka to join (tr.); iśal style, what is proper
Kannada : īlu
Kannada meaning : attachment, as that of animals to men, of children to parents
Kannada derivates : esagu to engage in, undertake, commence, do, make, perform; (PBh.) esaka action, deed, work
Tulu : iyaruni, iyavuni
Tulu meaning : to be sufficient
Number in DED : 0471

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Telugu etymology :

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Proto-Telugu : *īj-
Meaning : to consent
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Telugu : īya-konu
Dialectal forms (1) : iyya-konu
Additional forms : Also [1] īya-kōlu, [2] iyya-kōlu consent; īluvu honour, chastity
Number in DED : 471

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Long-range etymologies :

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Borean (approx.) : HVJV
Meaning : love, good
Eurasiatic : *ʔVjV
Afroasiatic : *hwy
Sino-Caucasian : ? ST *ʔǝ̄j
Reference : Suggested by V. Glumov.

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Afroasiatic etymology :

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