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Pokorny's dictionary :

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\data\ie\pokorny
Number: 1888
Root: (s)ten-1
English meaning: to groan, etc.
German meaning: von lauten Geräuschen: `donnern, rauschen, dröhnen, stöhnen'
Derivatives: stono-s `das Stöhnen'
Material: Ai. stánati (= gr. στένω, ags. stenan, lit. stenù), stániti, stanáyati `donnert, dröhnt, brüllt, braust', stanayitnú- m. `Donner', tanayitnú- `dröhnend, donnernd', tányati (= äol. τέννει) `rauscht, tönt, donnert', tanyú- `rauschend, tosend'; afghan. tanā `Donner', np. tundar ds.; ai.abhi-ṣṭaná- m. `Getöse';

    gr. στένω `dröhne, ächze, jammere', ion. στείνω (= aksl. stenjǫ) ds., στενάζω ds., στεναγμός `das Seufzen', στενάχω ds., στόνος m. `das Stöhnen', ἀγά-στονος `sehr stöhnend' (ai. abhi-ṣṭaná- `das Tosen, Brüllen', russ. ston `Seufzer'), Στέντωρ; lesb. τέννει στένει, βρύ̄χεται Hes.;

    lat. tonō, -āre `donnern; auch von andern lauten Schalleindrücken', to-nitrū, tonitrus `Donner'; kelt. FlN Tanaros (: ahd. donar);

    ags. stenan st. V. `stöhnen'; mnd. stenen schw. V. ds. (*stanjan = ai. stanáyati); aisl. stynja ds. = mnd. stönen (nhd. stöhnen); aisl. stynr m. `Gestöhne', ags. gestun n. `Lärm, Wirbelwind'; aisl. stanka `stöhnen', ags. stenecian `keuchen'; ahd. donar `Donner', ags. þunor ds., aisl. þōrr `Donnergott', ags. ðunian `donnern, brüllen, seufzen';

    lit. stenù, -ė́ti `ächzen, stöhnen', aksl. stenjǫ, stenati ds.; russ. stón `das Stöhnen'; apr. *stint, stīnons Partiz. Perf. Akt. `gelitten'.

References: WP. II 626 f., WH. II 690 f., Trautmann 286.; Vasmer 3, 10, 19.
Pages: 1021
PIE database: PIE database
pokorny-root,pokorny-meaning,pokorny-ger_mean,pokorny-derivative,pokorny-material,pokorny-ref,pokorny-pages,pokorny-piet,

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