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Uralic etymology :

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Number: 106
Proto: *čemV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: sour; to become sour
German meaning: sauer; sauer werden, gären
Udmurt (Votyak): še̮m (S), šȯm (K) 'Geschmack', še̮m (URS) 'вкус; закваска', šumes (S) 'Backtrog, Brottrog'
Komi (Zyrian): šo̯m (SO) 'закваска; кислота; кислый', šom (Ud. I) 'Sauerteig, Säure; Geschmack', šom (S), ńań-še̮m (P) 'Sauerteig', šu̇m (PO) 'Säure, Sauerteig; sauer' ( > Khanty Ni. šŭm, Kaz. ńańšŭm 'Teig, Vorteig', Mansi сумункве 'киснуть'), šome̮s (S), še̮me̮.s 'Backtrog, Teig'
Khanty (Ostyak): čim- (Trj.) 'gären, aufsteigen (der Teig)', sim- (O) 'infolge von Feuchtigkeit mürbe werden, verderben; gärend aufsteigen (der Teig)'
K. Reshetnikov's notes: It is, indeed, quite difficult to explain the correspondence Perm. š ~ Khanty č. Should we treat Khanty *čim- as an old (Proto-Khanty or even Proto-Ob-Ugric) loan from Permic (Proto-Komi?) - with the substitution *š > *č for lack of *š in Proto-Khanty (as well as in Proto-(Ob)-Ugric)? Note that Permic loanwords in Khanty having š in the place of Permic š don't contradict this interpretation: they either were borrowed (chiefly from Komi) into some separate Khanty dialects, where š is present (being a result of a secondary development of *č-) or regularly arose in the same dialects as reflexes of Proto-Khanty words with *č- borrowed from Permic. For the vowel substitution (Permic *ȯ > Khanty *i) cf. ИВПЯ 152.

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