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Uralic etymology :

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\data\uralic\uralet
Number: 103
Proto: *čäkkV-
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: to choke, stifle
German meaning: ersticken, ertrinken
Udmurt (Votyak): ʒ́okal- (S G), žǝ̑kal- (K) 'ersticken, ertrinken, außer Atmen kommen', ǯoki̮t- (S) 'schwül, beklommen, drückend heiß', žokǝ̑t, žǝ̑kǝ̑t (K) 'eng, dicht; schwüle, erstickende, dompfe (Luft)'
Komi (Zyrian): ǯag-ge̮re̮d (Ud.) 'eine Art Schlinge od. Schleife', ǯagal- (S), ǯaga.v- 'erhängt, erdrosselt werden', ǯa.gal- (PO) 'sich erhängen', ǯage̮d- (S), ǯage̮.t- 'erdrosseln, erwürgen' (urperm. od. Udm. > Mari KB B čak, U ćak 'eng, nahe, dicht' > Chuv. č́ak 'густой (о лесе)')
Khanty (Ostyak): čäkǝn- (V) 'ersticken', čȧkǝn- (DN) 'ein wenig in die falsche Kehle trinken, hinunterschlucken', sȧkǝn- (O) 'außer Atem kommen, ersticken'
Mansi (Vogul): śükīt- (TJ), šǟkǝt- (P) 'ersticken (tr.)', šǟkǝp- (KU P) 'ersticken (intr.)'
Hungarian: *čäk-
K. Reshetnikov's notes: The Permic etymology is problematical regarding both consonantism and vokalism (the correspondence Komi -g- ~ Udm. -k- is irregular; Udmurt -o- as a counterpart of Komi -a-, occuring in some other cases, is one of the difficult points of Permic comparative vocalism) - cf. Helimski's note above; involving these Permic words in external comparison also raises some problems (although it is safe to say that the corresponding Proto-Permic form - or a Proto-Komi (Proto-Udmurt) one (without suffixes?) - is the source of Mari *čak 'nah, dicht, eng' (> Mnt. Bir. čak, Ufa c'ak etc.), whence Chuv. č'ak 'dicht (von Wald)' - see, besides Helimski's comment above, Bereczki Grundz. 97). On the other hand, one can suggest another (quite acceptable phonetically as well as semantically) Permic parallel for the Ob-Ugric *čǟk- 'ersticken': Komi čэk-mun- 'to choke over', Udmurt čok potɨ- 'to choke (over), to suffocate' < Proto-Permic *čɔ̇k (in my reconstruction *čɔ̈k) - a solution chosen in КЭСКЯ.
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-khn,uralet-man,uralet-ugr,uralet-reshet,

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