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Uralic etymology :

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\data\uralic\uralet
Number: 54
Proto: *ćarV
> Nostratic: > Nostratic
English meaning: hard
German meaning: hart, fest, stark
Saam (Lapp): čarrok (S) 'rigidus, asper', čāres -arras- (N) 'coarse (of wool); stiff (of hair or bread)', tjārēs ~ tjārrēs ~ tjārris 'hoch, schwer (von einer Steigung'; böse, schwer, drückend (von einem Traum); rauh, struppig, grob (von Haar, Stoffen etc.)'
Udmurt (Votyak): č́uri̮t (S), ćurǝ̑t (K), ćurị̑t (G) 'hart, fest, stark, rauh; geizig'
Komi (Zyrian): ćori̮d (S), ćori̮t (P), ću.røt (PO) 'hart, fest (S P PO), stark, kräftig (S P); finster, mürrisch (PO)'
Selkup: šara (Ta.) 'stark, kräftig, fest', šaral (N) 'hart, zäh (Baum)'
K. Reshetnikov's notes: Cf. alternatively Lapp. *c'orkэ(-) (where *-kэ may be a suffix) 'firm, solid, hard' (> Sth. tjarge, Arp. tjḁŕka, Lul. tjḁŕkḁ-t, Nor. čoŕgá̀-d, Ina. čurgad, Klt. čoorgá̀-s, Kld. čorga-s, see Lehtiranta 26). Cf. also OU *c'ăr(-)ǝk : Khanty *c'ărǝk 'fest gedreht' (> Tr. t'ărǝk, Ni. s'ŏrǝχ), Mansi *c'ărkā, *c'ɨ̆rkā 'fest gebunden (von Schnur)' (> TY., TC. c'arkā, LK. s'irχǝ, MK., UK. s'orkǝ, Pe. s'irka) - see HontiGObV 131.
References: FUV; КЭСКЯ; ИВПЯ 68, 73; Coll.CompGr. 54; Paas.Beitr. 144; Coll.IUrSprg. 74
uralet-proto,uralet-prnum,uralet-meaning,uralet-germmean,uralet-saa,uralet-udm,uralet-kom,uralet-slk,uralet-reshet,uralet-lit,

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