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Afroasiatic etymology :

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Proto-Afro-Asiatic: *ʕindaw-
Meaning: community, fraternity, tribe, family, people (orig. of individuals equal in age or/and social status?)
Semitic: *ʕīd-at- ~ *ʕidd- 'assembly, gathering of people'
Berber: *(H)ud/*(H)idaw '(gathering of) people; companions, relatives'
Western Chadic: *(n)diw- 'people'
East Chadic: *(H)induw- 'human'
Beḍauye (Beja): *(H)endaw 'people, tribe, crowd', *da 'people'
Central Cushitic (Agaw): *ʕad- 'tribe, clan'
Saho-Afar: *Hend- 'clan, tribe, family'
Low East Cushitic: *ʕida(n) 'people; tribe; community'
High East Cushitic: *ʕayd- 'family'
Omotic: *ʕVndVw- 'family'
Notes: Cf. СИФКЯ, 148: Beja, Bil., Saho, Som.; SCu. hee/heeru/heedi hardly belong here; the Eth forms are regarded as Cushitisms.

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