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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *dō(w)- <PIH *dō->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to give
Hittite: da- (II) 'nehmen' (Friedrich 201-202)
Old Indian: dádāti, fut. dāsyati, aor. 3 sg. ádāt, pt. dattá-, (in comp.) -tta-, inf. dāváne; dā́tár- m. `giving, giver'; dāti- `liking to give'; dāná- n. `act of giving, gift'; dāyá- `gebend', dāya- m. `gift, donation'; dā́- m.`giver'
Avestan: dadāiti `er gibt', dāɵra- n. `Geschenk', dāiti- `Geben, Schenken, Gewährung'; dāvōi `zugeben'
Other Iranian: OPers imp. dadātuv
Armenian: aor. etu; tamk `damus', tam `do'; tur `Geschenk'
Old Greek: dídōmi, aor. édōka, pass. dothē̂nai̯, pf. dédōka, m.-p. dédomai̯, va. dotó- `geben'; dṓs f. `Gabe'; dósi-s f. `das Geben, Gabe', dōtínǟ f. `Gabe, Abgabe, Pachtzins'; apó-, diá-, pró-doma; dō̂ro-n n. ` Gabe, Geschenk'; dṓtōr `Geber', dotḗr m., dótei̯ra f. `Geber(in)', dṓtǟ-s, epi-dṓtǟ-s m. hom., att. aor. inf. dọ̄̂nai̯, kypr. dOwenai̯ (o~ō), opt. düwanoi `er möge geben', inf. dowenai, hom., att. inf. aor. dộnai̯ `geben' < *doénai̯ ? *dowénai̯?; dános n. `Gabe; Darlehen, Schuld'
Slavic: *dā́tī, *dā̃mь, *dā̃sī, *dā̃stь, *dādę̄tь; *dājā́tī, *dā̀jǭ; *bolgo-, *po-dātь; *dānъkъ; *dānь; *dā̀rъ (u-St.), *dārī́tī C; *pro-dājā etc.; pl. *pody (Rus dial. NE по́ды `подати, денежные поборы' СРНГ); *prīdъ; *dāvā́tī
Baltic: *dō̂- (*dō̂-meî) (2) vb., dā- vb.; *dā̂w-ā̂- (1) vb., *dā̂w-an-ā̂ (2) f., *dā̃w-ia- c.; *dō̂-tl-iā̃, *dō̃-tl-iā̃ f., *dā̂-tl-a- c., *dā̂-t-a- c.
Latin: dō, damus, datis, dare, datum `geben, gewähren'; reddō, reddidi, -ditum, -dere `zurückgeben'; datus, -a `gegeben; dator, -ōris m. `Geber'; datū `zu Geben'; datus, -Us m. `Gabe'; datiō, -ōnis f. `das Geben'; dōs, -tis f. `Mitgift'; datio `das Schenken'; dōnum, -ī n. `Gabe, Geschenk'; duim, duīs etc. `dem, dēs etc.'; fut. II interduō, concrēduō; ? pl. dautia n. `Bewirtung fremder Gäste und Gesandter in Rom'
Other Italic: Osk. dúnúm `Gabe', dúneís `doni', [d]uunated `donavit', da[da]d `dedat', dadid `dederit', didest `dabit', dedet `dedit'; Vestin didet `dat', data `data', duno `donum', Paelign dida `det', datas `datae ~ datas'; Falisk datu `datum', doviat `det'; Mars dunom `donum', Umbr dirsa, dersa, teřa `det', dirsans `dent'; teřte `datur', ateřafust `circumtulerit', dede `dedit', teřust, dirsust `dederit', purdovitu, purtuvitu `poricito', purtuvies `porricies', purtiius `porrexeris', purditom `porrectum', purtifile `porricibilem'; dia `det, faciat'; dunu(m) `donum'
Celtic: *dāno-m > Ir dān `donum, ars, ingenium (Begabung)'; Cymr dawn `Geschenk'
Albanian: dašɛ `ich gab'; δɛnɛ `gegeben', f. `Gabe, Abgabe', geg δąnɛ id.
Russ. meaning: давать, дарить
References: WP I 814 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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