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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *gʷedh-
Meaning: to beat, to break, to hurt
Old Indian: gandhayate `to injure, hurt'
Other Iranian: OPers gasta- `eklig, widerwärtig', NPers gast `schlecht', Pashto ɣandal `Ekel empfinden', Bal gandag `schlecht'
Old Greek: dénno-s m. `Beschimpfung, Lästerung'
Baltic: *ged- vb. intr., *ged-ē̂- vb., *pa=gad-a- c.
Germanic: *kwad-ja- vb., *kwat-isk-ō- vb., etc.
Russ. meaning: бить, разбивать, обижать
References: WP I 672 f

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