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Indo-European etymology :

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\data\ie\piet
Proto-IE: *es- <PIH *e->
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: to be
Hittite: as-/es- (I) 'sein', Pal. as-, Luw. as-, h.l. as-, Lyk. es- (Tischler 76-77, 109-110)
Tokharian: B skente `sie sind'; A ṣe-, B ṣei- 'imperf. stem' ( < *si̯ē- optat.) (Adams 344 f)
Old Indian: ásti (1 p. ásmi) `to be'; Pali acchati `bleibt, befindet sich'
Avestan: ahmi, asti `to be'
Other Iranian: OPers amiy `bin'
Armenian: em `bin', conj. ichem
Old Greek: ẹ̄mí (aeol. émmi), estí `bin, ist', inf. ẹ̄̂nai̯ `sein'; hom. éskon, éske `ich, er war'
Slavic: *jesmь, *jestь, *sǭtь
Baltic: *es- (*es-meî), ptc. *sañt-
Germanic: *is- vb.
Latin: sum (es, est, sunt), esse; esit, escunt `erit, erunt'
Other Italic: Osk súm 'sum', est, íst `est', estud `estō', sent `sunt'; Umbr est `est', sent `sunt', ertom `esse', sins `sint'
Celtic: OIr am, is
Albanian: jam `bin'
Russ. meaning: быть
References: WP I 160 f
piet-prnum,piet-meaning,piet-hitt,piet-tokh,piet-ind,piet-avest,piet-iran,piet-arm,piet-greek,piet-slav,piet-balt,piet-germ,piet-lat,piet-ital,piet-celt,piet-alb,piet-rusmean,piet-refer,

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