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Indo-European etymology :

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Proto-IE: *k'op- (-ph-)
Nostratic etymology: Nostratic etymology
Meaning: a k. of fish (carp)
Old Indian: śaphara- m. `a k. of fish, Cyprinus sophore'
Old Greek: küprī́no-s (~ -ǖ-) m. `Karphen'
Baltic: *čap-al-a-, -ia- c.
Russ. meaning: рыба (сазан)
References: WP I 457
Comments: The Lat. carpa f. `Cyprinus carpio, Karpfen' (Donaufisch) and Slav. *korpъ `сазан, карп' are borrowed from the same "Danube" source (or else Slav. < Lat.).

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