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Germanic etymology :

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Proto-Germanic: *kwilan- vb.; *kwaljō; *kwalō; *kwaljan-; *kwalm=; *kwēlō; *kwildí-, *kwildá-
Meaning: torment, pinish
IE etymology: IE etymology
Old Norse: kvelja wk. `plagen, martern, quälen'; kvɔl f. `Pein, Qual'; kvell f. `Schmerz'
Norwegian: kvelja vb.
Swedish: kval; kvälja vb.
Danish: kväle vb.; kval
Old English: cwelan `sterben'; cwalu `Tötung, gewaltsamer Mord'; cwield `Tot'; cwellan
English: kill
Old Saxon: quelan, qual `Pein leiden'; quāla `Qual, Marter'; qualm `Tod, Verheerung'; quellian
Middle Dutch: quēlen `er slecht aan toe zijn, kwijnen, ziek zijn, droevig zijn, zondigen, kwellen'; quāle f. `lijden, kwaal, zedelijk gebrek'; quellen `folteren, kwellen, plagen; sukkelen, kwijnen, lijden, bedroefd zijn'
Dutch: kwaal f.; kwellen
Middle Low German: quēlen `gekweld worden, pijn hebben, kwellen'
Old High German: quelan (qual) st. `leiden, sich quälen, martern'; quāla f. (8.Jh.) `Qual, Elend, Hölle'; qualm `Tod, Verheerung'; quilti-werk `Abendarbeit'; quellen
Middle High German: quāl(e), kāl(e), kōl(e) (/quǟle, quēle, quēl, kēle) st. f., quāl st. m. `Beklemmung, Marter, Qual'; quëln (/koln, kollen, këln) st. `Schmerzen leiden, sich quälen, abmarten', wk. tr. 'drängen, drücken, zwängen'
German: Qual f., quälen
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