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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *tsōl-
Meaning : to be defeated
Tamil : tōl (tōr_p-, tōr_r_-), tōr (-pp-, -tt-)
Tamil meaning : to be defeated, discomfitted, vanquished (as in battle, game, dispute, etc.), fail in comparison, yield, flinch, give way voluntarily, lose; n. defeat, discomfiture, misfortune, ill-luck, loss
Tamil derivates : tōlvi, tōlvu, tōr_r_al, tōr_pu discomfiture, loss, defeat; tōrvai defeat
Malayalam : tōlka
Malayalam meaning : to be defeated, lose a game, battle, or suit, be cheated in a bargain
Malayalam derivates : tōli defeat, loss; tōlpikka to defeat, beat, baffle, excel
Kannada : sōl(u)
Kannada meaning : to be defeated or overcome, not to win
Kannada derivates : sōlisu to defeat, overcome, vanquish; sōla, sōlu defeat, loss; sōluvike, sōluve, sōlme id., losing
Kodagu : cōl- (cōp-, cōt-)
Kodagu meaning : to be defeated
Tulu : tōlpuni, sōpuni, sōluni
Tulu meaning : to lose at a game, be defeated, overcome
Tulu derivates : sōpāvuni, sōlāvuni to make one lose at a game, defeat, overcome; sōpu, sōlpu defeat, discomfiture; defeated, overcome; sōla defeat, failure, disappointment
Proto-Nilgiri : *cōl_-
Miscellaneous : KOR (T) sōtu, sōtɨ to be defeated
Notes : Tamil tōr- is secondary (by analogy with the past stem tōr_p-, probably).
Number in DED : 3558

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