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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *aval-[i]
Meaning : suffering
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : avalam
Tamil meaning : suffering, pain, distress, poverty, want, sorrowing, care, anxiety, fault, sickness, disease
Tamil derivates : avali (-pp-, -tt-) to suffer, be distressed, lament, weep, be flurried; avalai pain; āvali (-pp-, -tt-) to weep, cry, lament, grieve; āvalāti complaint, grievance
Malayalam : āval
Malayalam meaning : sorrow, pain
Malayalam derivates : āvalāti vexation, grumbling, complaint
Kannada : hāvaḷi
Kannada meaning : trouble, annoyance
Tulu : hāvaḷi
Tulu meaning : trouble, difficulty, evil
Notes : The variations in vowel length are due to the "gemination resistance" of the inlaut -v-, occasionally seen in other stems of the same type, i. e. the lengthening *āval < *avval is compensatory in nature. More troublesome is the initial h- in Kannaḍa and Tulu, as well as the origins of several different vocalic stems. The most common stem seems to be the nominal form *avali (the verb avali, āvali in Tamil is clearly secondary), but Tamil also has avala-m, whereas Malayalam has a simple āval < *avval. External parallels (Telugu) show that *aval-i is the most obvious candidate for PDR status.
Number in DED : 0265

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