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South Dravidian etymology :

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Proto-South Dravidian : *arai-
Meaning : to rub, grind
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : arai (-v-, -nt-)
Tamil meaning : to become macerated, worn out
Tamil derivates : (-pp-, -tt-) to grind, pulverize, destroy by rubbing, mash, destroy, clear of seeds, gin; araippu grinding, pulverizing; aravu (aravi-) to torment (cf. Tu.); arakku (arakki-) to rub with the palm of hand or the sole of foot, ruin, cause trouble to; araŋku (araŋki-) to suffer, be destroyed; arantai affliction, trouble; aruvu (aruvi-) to wear away (as a flood erodes a river's banks), afflict
Malayalam : arayuka
Malayalam meaning : to be bruised
Malayalam derivates : aravu grinding; arekka to grind to powder; arappu powdering; araŋŋuka, arakkuka bruising gently to remove the husk by rubbing
Kannada : are (arad-)
Kannada meaning : to grind, pulverize, crush; n. state of being ground, etc.
Kannada derivates : arayisu, arisu to cause to grind, etc.; arata act of grinding; ari to grind on a slab, rub cotton with the feet in cleaning it; (Hav.) araccu to crush; (Hav.) arappu coconut paste
Kodagu : ara- (arap-, arat-)
Kodagu meaning : to grind with roller stone, mix up in a paste in preparing curry spices
Tulu : arepuni, arepini, areyuni, arevuni
Tulu meaning : to pulverize by pounding or grinding, oppress
Tulu derivates : arepāvuni to cause to grind; arepu, arepelụ act of grinding, that which is ground for condiment; areñcuni to rub off, peel, skin; araḍuni to rub
Proto-Nilgiri : *ar[ä]-
Miscellaneous : IRU re- (ret-) to grind
Notes : Most of the derivative stems can be traced back to *arai- with consonantal extensions. Tamil aruvu 'to wear away' may have appeared under the influence of aruvu 'to flow down (of spring)'.
Number in DED : 0228

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