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South Dravidian etymology :

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\data\drav\sdret
Proto-South Dravidian : *apa-
Meaning : father
Dravidian etymology: Dravidian etymology
Tamil : appan_, appu
Tamil meaning : father; term of endearment used to little children or inferiors
Tamil derivates : appacci father; appāttai elder sister; appi mistress of house; elder sister; appappa, appappā excl. of pity or surprise; appā excl. of surprise, grief, or pain; appāṭā excl. of surprise or relief
Malayalam : appan
Malayalam meaning : father
Malayalam derivates : appu affectionate appellation of boys; appā̆, appappā, appaṭā interj. of pain or surprise
Kannada : appa
Kannada meaning : father; frequently added to the proper names of men as a term of common respect; used endearingly to children by their elders
Kannada derivates : apa father; appu affectionate appellation of boys; apa, appā̆, appappā̆ interj. denoting surprise, pain, or grief; appāḍa interj. of pain or surprise
Kodagu : appë
Kodagu meaning : father
Tulu : appa, appè
Tulu meaning : affix of respect added to proper names of men
Tulu derivates : appè mother; appa a mode of calling a mother; appa interj. of surprise; appappā interj. of surprise or sorrow
Notes : The stem *apa-n is obviously of PSDR origin; everything else (Tulu appè, Tam. appi, etc.) is isolated, has little or no external parallels and probably represents later independent formations.
Number in DED : 0156
sdret-meaning,sdret-prnum,sdret-tam,sdret-tammean,sdret-tamder,sdret-mal,sdret-malmean,sdret-malder,sdret-kan,sdret-kanmean,sdret-kander,sdret-kod,sdret-kodmean,sdret-tul,sdret-tulmean,sdret-tulder,sdret-notes,sdret-dednum,

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